Spanning the millennium head on Division of Science and Know-how Area IV-A Vol. XVI No. 2 February 2008 DOST-ITDI, ICETT implement GFIS Joined fingers with DOST CALABARZON in “greening” environments The Industrial Know-how Growth Institute, a line company of DOST, in cooperation with the Worldwide Heart for Environmental Know-how Switch (ICETT), primarily based in Yokkaichi Metropolis, Prefecture of Mie, Japan, and choose DOST Regional Places of work are firing up native initiatives to spice up productiveness but nonetheless protect native setting.
ICETT, with the help and cooperation of its personal nationwide and native governments, business, and academe, makes use of Japan’s collected industrial applied sciences and administrative measures on environmental conservation. It applies these to implement packages and initiatives on the identical along with taking part international locations. The intention is to reinforce “greening” of regional environments and forestall their destruction abroad, thus attaining conservation globally.
Along with ICETT, the Philippines as taking part nation is thus implementing “Inexperienced Framework of Progressive Technique on Sustainable Consumption and Productiveness” or GFIS, a five-year challenge of DOST-ITDI by means of its program on Cleaner Manufacturing. GFIS goals to: 1. Set up mannequin industrial-eco barangays, cities and communities; 2. Enhance environmental efficiency of each native industries and its group by means of environmental consciousness, Cleaner Manufacturing (CP), Power Effectivity (EE), and Environmental Administration System (EMS); and three.
Advocate provisions for inclusion in coverage suggestions to native authorities models and nationwide authorities businesses. GREENHOUSE EFFECT GFIS goals to reinforce “greening” of regional environments thus contributing to world diminution of the Greenhouse Impact. The greenhouse impact refers back to the means wherein gases within the Earth’s ambiance heat the Earth just like the glass roof of a greenhouse—by letting daylight in however holding the mirrored warmth vitality trapped inside.
These naturally occurring gases, notably carbon dioxide and water vapor, are known as greenhouse gases. DOST CALABARZON Bulletin February 2008 DOST-ITDI claims that one of many parts of GFIS below the CP program is technological capability constructing of staffs. It added CP is a ahead trying “anticipate and forestall philosophy. ” Thus, companies stop air pollution earlier than they happen leading to decreased wastes generated at supply. This not directly reduces working prices and will increase security of staff.
The outcomes are an improved company picture as perceived by the general public and world competitiveness. GFIS is being pilot examined at DOST NCR, DOST CALABARZON and DOST Area V. DOST CALABARZON by means of Guilberto A. Veluz, Heart Supervisor for Technical Operations, lately initiated conduct of a three-day coaching and workshop for Cleaner Manufacturing Assessors of the area at Batis Aramin Resort and Lodge in Lucban, Quezon. The Regional Workplace meant to construct CP and EE technical capabilities of 18 CP assessors from 5 state universities in CALABARZON.
These embrace Provincial S Heart of Quezon, Cavite State College, Laguna State Polytechnic College, Batangas State College, College of Rizal System, and the Southern Luzon State College. In the course of the coaching, the assessors evaluated manufacturing of Heart Miki Manufacturing facility and Valde’s Poultry Farm in Lucban, and Capistrano Distillery and Kamayan sa Palaisdaan in Tayabas. The assessors accomplished drafting of the FiRST Experiences (Findings, Suggestions, Schedules and Duties) and gave copies to administration representatives of taking part companies. They may submit the entire CP report one month after the coaching. (AMG) NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE DOST-PTRI places to good use younger coconut husks Develops textile dye Whereas most of us benefit from the sizzling summers consuming “Buko” juice (juice type younger coconut) and nibbling on its contemporary meat as an effort to whereas away time, the Philippine Textile Analysis Institute (DOSTPTRI) discovered good use for the younger coconut husks which we often throw away.
DOST-PTRI turned tough to take away stains from these husks right into a textile dye known as coconut pink. They discovered that younger coconut husk extract imparts purple to maroon coloration on silk, pina-seda and pina whereas it produces an outdated rose coloration on cotton. In addition they established colorfastness, laundering and light-weight scores of the dyed supplies and located these to be passable for all these sorts. Coconut husks’ potential to impart purple coloration comes as a essential indulgence for textile producers who use in nice portions the non-colorfast purple dye from sibukao (Caesalpinnia sappan).
The textile institute’s analysis examine revealed that younger coconut husks sourced from completely different areas produce various shades of purple. This required thus hue and coloration tint matching capabilities and changes within the dyeing parameters. As well as, DOST-PTRI discovered that coconuts from excessive elevations yield virtually no coloration in contrast with coconuts from coastals and low- mendacity areas. This new use for younger coconut husks holds promise for added earnings for farmers. Likewise, the brand new approach’s requirement for obligatory chopping of husks earlier than extraction facilitates fast decomposition.
This reduces the chance of clogging of waterways and drainage methods alongside coconut processing villages. By the way, this rising pure dye business runs complimentary to the Nationwide Coconut Agenda because it doesn’t compete with the meals and well being makes use of of coconut. DOST-PTRI pilot examined the younger coconut husk extraction and textile utility expertise utilizing supplies from the Bahaghari and kaLIKHAsan Assortment of Kingsmen Company and Mariana Style Apparels, respectively. The approach varieties a part of the bundle of applied sciences adopted and commercialized by Soumak Assortment to supply one in every of their unique coloration choices.
Their dyed creations are offered in choose outlets in California, New York Metropolis, elements of Asia, and shortly in Europe. Soumak Assortment additionally tried the brand new dyeing expertise on cotton mattress linens for his or her Mattress and Beddings assortment. µ (PTRIAMG) DOST CALABARZON Bulletin NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE
February 2008 House Know-how Committee pushes for buying SATELLITE for RP In a decision signed throughout the current Second Nationwide Congress on House Know-how Purposes and Analysis (NCSTAR), some 25 authorities and personal businesses declared that the Philippines badly wants its personal earth-observing satellite tv for pc which might present real-time knowledge essential in catastrophe monitoring and climate forecasting. “An earth commentary system might be useful to the nation,” says Dr.
Reynaldo Ebora, Govt Director of the Division of Science and Know-how’s Philippine Council for Superior Science and Know-how Analysis and Growth (DOST-PCASTRD), convenor of the congress. “The Philippines is perennially affected by pure disasters, making well timed, synoptic space-based data a necessity. ” Individuals to the Second Nationwide Congress gave stable help for a proposal to discover prospects of buying the nation’s personal earth-observing satellite tv for pc.
As soon as acquired, the satellite tv for pc will present climate forecast months prematurely. It might predict the place ailments like malaria and SARS are most probably to come up. Whereas most could take a look at the acquisition as a approach to keep away from hassle of their each day actions, common incidence of typhoons and their ensuing ailments present the significance of the satellite tv for pc in saving lives and properties. Based on DOST’s area expertise professional Dr.
Jose Edgardo Aban, having our personal earth-observing satellite tv for pc can help the nation in monitoring our land floor, biosphere, ambiance, and surrounding oceans. The satellite tv for pc can observe environmental modifications in areas it’s assigned. Processes that the earth undergoes, be it organic, ecological, climatological, or geological, may be monitored and higher understood. These will allow us, particularly our leaders and specialists, to make extra knowledgeable choices which will have an effect on lives, the setting, and the financial system.
Except for these, it may monitor forest fires, predict the impact of air high quality on individuals, present farmers with quick forecast to assist maximize agricultural yields, and calculate the sample of typhoons and storms. Likewise, members proposed the inclusion of satellite tv for pc improvement and different associated area expertise functions within the college curriculum and strengthening the coordinative features of the present Science and Know-how Coordinating Council – Committee on House Know-how Purposes. µ DOST scholar grad finds 900 BLACK HOLES within the sky
A Division of Science and Know-how-Science Training Institute (DOST-SEI) scholar-graduate is now making waves within the worldwide astronomical world after main a workforce that found the most important variety of tremendous huge black holes within the facilities of galaxies within the universe. Reinabelle Reyes, a PhD scholar at Princeton College and a BS Physics summa cum laude graduate on the Ateneo de Manila College in 2005, led a workforce of Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) scientists that found a lot of “hidden quasars” which might be shrouded in light-absorbing mud and gasoline.
Based on Reyes, her workforce discovered round 900 hidden quasars, which is by far the most important pattern ever discovered. “We discovered that hidden quasars make up at the least half of the quasars within the close by universe, implying that a lot of the highly effective black holes in our neighborhood had beforehand been unrecognized,” she mentioned. She added their discovery reveals that highly effective black holes are extra frequent within the final eight billion years of cosmic historical past than had beforehand been thought and that the relative numbers of hidden in comparison with regular quasars present how the looks of mud and gasoline decide the presence of a hidden quasar. The big variety of hidden quasars we found implies that a lot of the mild emitted by quasars is definitely obscured. Furthermore, as a result of the sunshine from these hidden quasars beforehand had been unaccounted for, black holes transform extra environment friendly in changing the vitality of in-falling matter into mild than we had thought,” she mentioned. The analysis workforce introduced its discovery final January 9 on the annual assembly of the American Astronomical Society in Austin, Texas, and has submitted a paper describing the analysis for publication within the Astronomical Journal.
Reyes mentioned their challenge is the fruits of the graduate thesis work of her co-author, Nadia Zakamska, a long-term postdoctoral fellow on the Institute of Superior Research, below the supervision of Princeton professor Michael Strauss. Dr. Ester B. Ogena, Director of the DOST-SEI, mentioned Reyes’ success in her profession is a obtrusive instance of the standard of scholar-graduates the nation produces and the huge potential the Philippines has in area science. We hope that our college students would be capable of get inspiration from Reyes and pursue a profession within the sciences that can 2 hopefully add to the roster of our nice astronomers and area scientists,” she mentioned. µ (PCASTRD AMG) DOST CALABARZON Bulletin 2008 NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEFebruary NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE NEWS ELSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE WHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE EWS LSEWHERE Formation of a Black Gap Within the purple large part in direction of the top of a star’s life, a star with as much as 1. photo voltaic lots turns into unstable and ejects its exterior layers into area (1), making a planetary nebula, earlier than contracting once more to type a white dwarf, which cools, finally turning into a black dwarf, too chilly to shine. If the purple large is extra huge, it generates heavy parts like iron and grows (2) to type a supergiant. Then it explodes and its matter is launched into area. If the complete supergiant explodes (three), it is a supernova. Relying on its mass, the supernova provides delivery both to a neutron star or, for even higher-mass stars, a black gap. If solely the outer a part of the supergiant explodes (four), a nova varieties.
The DOST-SEI has laid the groundwork for a Philippine House Training Program within the nation following a designation by the United Nations Academic, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationParis to behave as focus for its space-education program and associated actions within the Philippines. It goals to advertise science and expertise, significantly area science, to Filipino college students. The PSEP additionally seeks to interact the Filipinos within the exploration of area science and expertise and the method of science in varied disciplines in an effort to create an informed public and o generate future area science explorers. Likewise, the PSEP goals to create consciousness among the many college students in profession alternatives within the varied fields of science and engineering together with area science that might increase requirements and handle talent shortages in direction of nationwide improvement. It additionally aspires to determine linkages and partnership with area organizations and establishments for potential help and collaboration in area science education schemes and initiatives. µ (DOST-SEI) DOST CALABARZON Jamboree Highway, Timugan Los Banos, Laguna 4030 STAMP 2