Analysis of Employee Benefits within an Organisation

Introduction The aim of this essay is to open the dialogue about one of the related options for the human beings as of late, the cost schemes comparable to salaries, wages and advantages that staff obtain in retribution of their work. On this paper work it is going to be developed the following query “If staff undervalue the price of advantages, why ought to an organization not drop advantages and easily add extra direct compensation?” On first occasion, is exactly to say that the direct compensation is the financial advantages that staff obtain in return of the service they supply to the corporate, comparable to primary wage, hire allowance, journey allowances and medical reimbursements amongst others; then again oblique compensation is the non financial advantages that the workers obtain comparable to life insurance coverage, well being safety, pension, holidays and versatile timings amongst others. Thus, the cost packages have grow to be one of the necessary points on the human life these days, that?s as a result of they outline the alternatives and selections that one individual has to offer wellness, safety and a future to their households or their family members, and in the identical manner really feel recognition for his or her capabilities and efforts. Consequently, there have all the time been totally different methods of pay and compensations to swimsuit the workers and employers necessities, because of this there are wages with non financial and financial advantages. Staff sometimes depend upon salaries and wages to get a steady earnings and on advantages to offer well being and safety. For employers, compensation choices affect their price of doing enterprise and thus, their means to promote at a aggressive worth within the items and/or service markets. Far past that, compensation choices determinate the employer’s means to compete for certified staff within the labour market. (Ferris, et. al, p.528) Worker compensation practices differ throughout employment items (e.g., organizations, enterprise items, and amenities) on a number of dimensions. Dimension like Kind (money or advantages), Stage (How a lot do folks disserve to earn for his or her job), Construction (hierarchies and pay differential inside an worker unit), Combine (how and when money compensation is disbursed) and at last Pay Administration (pay insurance policies and who's in command of that course of) (Ferris, et. al, p.528).The central level of the worker compensation dialogue has been on defining these dimensions, researching why organizations differ on them, and contemplating whether or not such variations have penalties on worker behaviours and angle; Alongside this work this subject will probably be developed deeply and it is going to be proven examples of the way it can range and the way this contribute to the query above. Now then, because it was talked about earlier than oblique compensation refers to advantages, is crucial to grasp that this advantages are types of worth (non financial) which might be supplied to the worker in return for his/her job. That?s why when it refers to worker advantages the commonest are: vacations-holidays, worker inventory possession plans, retirement plans, medical insurance, life insurance coverage, incapacity insurance coverage, pension, leisure bonuses, and so forth. Advantages are more and more costly for companies to offer to staff, so the vary and choices of advantages are altering quickly to incorporate, for instance, versatile profit plans and timings. Regardless of that some staff undervalue the advantages, it?s necessary to say that corporations can not drop advantages that straightforward as a result of two important causes. The primary motive is due to the regulation; the advantages have to be given to the workers as a part of the remuneration of their job or providers, that?s authorized difficulty and have to be a part of the pay insurance policies of the corporate. The second motive is as a result of staff like dad and mom or elder folks choose advantages as they discover them necessary for his or her households, their retirement or their pension schemes. Different facets that corporations discover necessary are that the oblique compensation can encourage the worker to do a greater job, creates a way of belief and loyalty between the worker and the employer. This manner compensation performs such a key function as a result of it's on the coronary heart of the employment relationship, being of crucial significance to each staff and employers; additionally that?s a motive why organizations have gotten extra involved with positioning worker compensation as a strategic human useful resource administration perform with a purpose to receive aggressive benefit. Kinds of Worker Advantages Every nation has totally different types of salaries, wages and advantages. Within the UK, worker advantages are categorised by three phrases: Versatile Advantages, Voluntary Advantages and Core Advantages. (Value, 2007, p.467) The primary time period is Versatile Advantages, additionally known as “Flex Scheme”, is the place staff are allowed to decide on how a proportion of their remuneration is paid. That is usually delivered by permitting staff to sacrifice a part of their pre-tax pay in trade for a automobile, further vacation, a shorter working week or different comparable advantages, or surrender advantages for extra money remuneration. The second is Voluntary Advantages; these are the gathering of advantages that staff select to obtain. These are typically schemes such because the government-backed, Bike2Work and Childcare Vouchers (Accor Companies, Busybees, Sodexho, KiddiVouchers, Early Years Vouchers Ltd). Worker Low cost schemes are sometimes setup by employers as a perk of working on the group. (www.cipd.co.uk) Lastly, Core Advantages is the time period given to advantages which all employees enjoys, comparable to vacation, sick pay and versatile schedule. In recent times, many UK corporations have used the tax and nationwide insurance coverage financial savings gained by way of the implementation of wage sacrifice system, to fund the implementation of versatile advantages. In a wage sacrifice association, an worker provides up the proper to a part of the money remuneration due beneath their contract of employment. Normally, the sacrifice is made in return for the employer’s settlement to offer them with some type of non-cash profit. The preferred varieties of wage sacrifice advantages embrace childcare vouchers and pensions, that’s a motive why oblique compensation nonetheless being necessary for some staff like those that are dad and mom or those that are near retirement. 2.1 Disadvantages of worker advantages Within the UK these advantages are sometimes taxed on the particular person’s regular tax price,which could be costly if there isn't a monetary benefit to the person from the profit. The UK system of state pension provision depends upon the cost of Nationwide Insurance coverage Contributions – NIC. Wage trade schemes will lead to decreased NIC funds and so are additionally liable to cut back the state advantages, most notably the state second pension. (www.cipd.co.uk) 2.2 Benefit of worker advantages The advantages are an necessary element of an organization’s remuneration bundle for attracting and retaining its staff. The advantages function incentives to the workers and encourage them to work exhausting for the organisation, as an alternative of surrender a part of their salaries. These additionally assist in increase job satisfaction. In the identical manner, there could be benefits for employers; one of many main benefits is an easing of their very own money stream. One other benefit is the choice to barter reductions with profit suppliers, this might characterize financial savings for the corporate when the personnel is giant, so the supply of non money advantages can consequently be cheaper than the a part of the wage that the worker is giving up. Some advantages are enticing even for younger staff comparable to an organization automobile or cellphones, which could be supplied by the employer and with out having to make these preparations by the worker. However, tax benefits are prolonged to staff in addition to employers. Some advantages bundle supplies a tax benefit; for instance, if the employer pays for the cell phone, that is handled as a non-taxable profit, so this will characterize a major tax saving over the course of a 12 months, for each elements. Compensation Administration Affect Over Staff and Corporations (Instance 1) On this case, AVIVA an insurance coverage firm has proposed closing its final-salary pension scheme, as a result of is taken into account inequitable and unsustainable. On this case, the rationale of the closure of the final-salary pension was as a result of it took two-thirds of Aviva’s contributions to UK employees pension preparations, however solely one-third of UK employees had the final-salary profit. This proposal come after a string of companies introduced their intentions to shut final-salary schemes to present members. Building agency Taylor Wimpey, Trinity Mirror, Pirelli, Fujitsu, Barclays, Morrisons, Vodafone, BMI, Dairy Crest, IBM and Costain all mentioned they deliberate to take action within the final 12 months. (http://information.bbc.co.uk/) Now this might be an issue, because it means the everyday employee will lose a 3rd of anticipated pension funds, but in addition it might probably proved the excessive prices of oblique compensation for organizations. However, incentives and motivation packages can scale back the price of the advantages bills for the businesses; on the next two examples it may be proved. (Instance 2) The corporate identify is Rim Hospitality, which is a lodge, resort and boutique property administration firm. With rising staff compensation bills, Rim Hospitality wanted to discover a price efficient answer that might inspire staff to assist scale back these prices, and likewise maximize efficiencies with worker productiveness and scheduling. The plan developed by this firm consisted in implementing a pay as you go MasterCard card because the award to the workers, which supplied the worker the liberty to decide on what they need, when they need it. With this plan, Rim Hospitality skilled constructive outcomes nearly instantly which have steadily elevated. Thus, over two years, they decreased staff compensation claims by 29% and due to this fact this meant extra productiveness to compensate the price of advantages and financial savings of $634,000 throughout that point. (www.hrmreport.com) (Instance three) There may be one other case the place incentives and motivation packages can scale back the price of the advantages bills. This instance is referred to Pepsi Bottling Group (PBG) which is the world’s largest producer, vendor and distributor of Pepsi-Cola drinks. In 2005, PBG was engaged on a greater technique to handle the rising price of well being take care of its staff. They did that by educating their staff on numerous well being associated points. Initially, PBG carried out an worker survey to get suggestions on the curiosity of their staff. Thus, all the workers who had participated within the survey had been rewarded with a pay as you go card as an incentive; following the survey interval, staff had been supplied quite a lot of healthcare academic lessons to attend. When the category was accomplished, the worker acquired an extra pay as you go Card as a reward for finishing the category. Time after the implementation of that program, PBG has seen that bills generated by well being illness, absence, emotional conflicts, and medical insurance prices had been lowered in 47%. (www.hrmreport.com) Now then, typically a foul healthcare can drive up the price of the advantages for workers and employers. (Instance four) Much like the earlier, this instance reveals that in keeping with the U.S. Bureau of Labour Statistics, as of 2009, trucking had an damage price 30 % larger than different U.S. industries. This coupled with larger common medical and indemnity prices, makes employer prices will go larger; due to this fact this may result in larger staff compensation prices and any financial savings employers thought they had been accruing will probably be misplaced when accidents go up. So, the upper charges could be attributed partially to a number of components. Due to the character of their work many drivers are out of form, eat badly, smoke an excessive amount of, don’t do train and infrequently get sufficient sleep. On account of this, they discovered themselves prone to coronary heart assaults and diabetes, in addition to a myriad of strains, sprains and numerous different muscular-skeletal accidents. This makes truckers a hazard on the highway but in addition a hazard to themselves, and by the way in which driving up employer’s prices. (http://net.ebscohost.com) (Instance 5) Typically working in a non conventional manner like working from house is a profit that staff worth, particularly if they've households. This instance reveals that an AIM survey made in 2006, indicated that 40% of corporations in Massachusetts had been methods to lower the compensation funds, which meant that staff wouldn’t have been pleased with that information, for that motive employers discovered the way in which to offset the dissatisfaction that can trigger. They proposed to present versatile hours of labor, telecommuting, and different life-style advantages; however maybe, one of the necessary advantages was the chance to earn a living from home or 50/50 (half within the workplace and half in dwelling), that was a differential issue and was used at the same time as a recruiting software. (http://net.ebscohost.com) That is a crucial profit that an increasing number of corporations have put in follow, as a result of they will belief and depend on folks, this can be a administration new pondering and alter of angle, the place folks discover that they work exhausting when nobody is them, that they don’t want a supervisor on a regular basis or somebody simply watching in the event that they’re working. This facet was essential for households and fogeys who wished to expend extra time with their sons and relations. (Instance 6) Another choice rising in reputation is versatile time and banks system, which consist on day without work obtainable to make use of at any time, as an alternative of the everyday, two weeks of trip, 5 sick day permission, and 10 holidays. That manner, employers should not asking to the employees if are they sick right this moment, or if do they need the time off; as a result of with the banks system and versatile occasions they will make some lengthy weekends or take a while off in the course of the week. That kind of flexibility is certainly enticing to staff. (www.businesswest.com) By a brief break, it has been discovered that the price of the advantages might be a excessive danger when the PESTE components (Political, Economical, Social, Technological and environmental) have an effect on the group. (Instance 7) In Colombia for instance, within the nineties when the federal government determined to open his economic system to the neo liberal mannequin of free commerce and the invisible hand of Smith that in idea regulates the economic system and the costs of purchase and sale, numerous Organizations within the textile trade suffered the implications of that Governmental coverage. There was a selected firm that went to bankrupt in a short while after the financial opened, that firm was Coltejer who had been one of many largest corporations within the textile trade in Colombia; the reason being that this firm gave good advantages to their staff which made this one of many prime organizations in the place folks desired to work, the advantages starting from computer systems and family amenities supplied by the corporate to vehicles that staff may purchase after have labored for some years within the firm. So mainly, when the Chinese language and East Asia merchandise received within the Colombian market, Coltejer couldn't compete with the bargaining and low cost costs of these merchandise, that due to the excessive prices of advantages that Coltejer was holding with their staff, amongst different causes, and the corporate couldn't bear and overcome the worth distinction, although exterior merchandise had been low in high quality; so on this case it may be seen that top prices of advantages may present good skills and glad staff, but in addition might be a excessive danger possibility for the group if an exterior issue have an effect on the enterprise. (Instance eight) In the identical manner in Chile, the sneakers trade was affected by the PESTE components; it was mainly after signing the free commerce settlement with China four years in the past, and on account of the undefeatable costs of Chinese language sneakers corporations, many corporations in Chile needed to scale back employees and scale back each compensations direct and oblique, which introduced turbulence and imbalance to the businesses. (www.economiaynegocios.cl/) (Instance 9) Though, exterior components might be constructive in a medium time period perspective, like pure assets costs, particularly the petroleum excessive costs; the place in international locations like Venezuela often deliver large rich to the folks, such is the case of PDVSA, the Petroleum Public Firm of Venezuela, which is likely one of the largest corporations within the petroleum trade over the world, and since the petroleum bonanza and the excessive costs of the barrel make that PDVSA may give spectacular and costly advantages to their staff, comparable to automobile, housing, holidays, schooling (sons of PDVSA staff obtain schooling allowances and scholarships to review overseas, and free schooling in Venezuela). So this reveals the magnitude and the impression of the advantages on the worker’s life and within the firm’s prices. (www.pdvsa.com) (Instance 10) A survey made by Personnel Immediately discovered that, in half of 700 organisations who responded to the survey, take-up of childcare vouchers was lower than 6%, and solely 9% of organisations reported greater than 30% employees take-up of the vouchers. So it implies that poor communication of the advantages of the schemes is the results of the low take-up. Nevertheless, the survey reveals that there's rising consciousness of the existence of childcare voucher schemes, which allow employers to supply working dad and mom vouchers to pay for registered childcare with out having to pay tax or Nationwide Insurance coverage contributions. Most organisations (81%) mentioned employees consciousness of childcare vouchers had elevated during the last 5 years, and that providing childcare vouchers might be a deciding consider attracting working dad and mom and retaining key employees. The ultimate conclusion of the survey utilized to the organizations, proven that 91% both agreeing or strongly agreeing that providing childcare vouchers improved an employer’s popularity. The analysis additionally seemed into employer curiosity in providing an analogous scheme for employees that wanted to take care of aged dependants and the outcomes proven that 59% had been considering introducing them. (www.personneltoday.com) (Instance 11) Because it has been mentioned alongside this work, good advantages are helpful to draw and retain certified employees for an organization, now then, it additionally assist the corporate to economize. That?s as a result of enticing advantages facilitate an organization’s backside line on a number of ranges, and one which shouldn’t be ignored is the price of changing staff who grow to be dissatisfied and go away. The fee to switch an worker could be wherever from 30% to 40% of any individual’s wage as much as 150%, and is cash that the employer goes to spend on recruiting and retraining. (net.ebscohost.com) (Instance 12) On this order, employers may supply staff a motivating and enticing bundle that claims, if you happen to stick with me 5 years or 10 years, on the finish of that point, I’ll provide you with a elevate that is perhaps equal to 50% of the bottom wage. As a result of it’s on a person foundation, the employer can not take a tax deduction for what he's spending, but when the worker received abilities and abilities that the group must his optimum productiveness, it could be extra necessary to tie the worker to the group for five or 10 years. That association appeals to folks at sure phases of life. For instance, somebody with two kids goes to be staring to varsity prices in rather less than a decade. By providing to double his beginning wage after 5 years, the employer can deliver just a little financial-planning reassurance to the employee, without having to fret about shedding the belongings he brings to the corporate. Staff nearing retirement age may additionally discover worth in such a suggestion. (net.ebscohost.com) (Instance 13) That is the case of Unisys (IT Companies Firm) which has had a versatile advantages scheme for 13 years. This has modified so much over that point to mirror employees pursuits, and is break up into three classes – safety, wellbeing and life-style. Unisys staff common wage is about ?50,000. Andrew White, reward supervisor, says “We discovered excessive curiosity in security-type advantages reasonably than life-style, so tried to tailor as many as we will within the insurance coverage sector. Safety advantages embrace crucial sickness insurance coverage, journey insurance coverage and group earnings safety. The preferred advantages are crucial sickness, dental insurance coverage, holiday-trading and earnings safety.” (http://proquest.umi.com) (Instance 14) Within the case of retail big Tesco, who presents its staff a big selection of advantages, together with an outlined profit (DB) pension scheme that's open to all employees, three all-employee share schemes, life assurance, childcare vouchers and reductions at theme parks. Tesco additionally presents all its staff a reduction card (the Privilege card), which provides a 10% low cost on procuring in all Tesco shops and on-line. Employees can save a most of ?730 a 12 months. Employees suggestions reveals the Privilege card is prime of the listing of most valued advantages. The rationale the Privilege card is so widespread is as a result of employees get speedy profit from it, they get cash off their procuring receipt. (http://proquest.umi.com) However, voluntary advantages embrace a employees tariff on the Tesco Cellular community and reductions at Tesco Financial institution. Every pay interval, Tesco features a new supply, for instance further offers on clothes, dwelling ware or photograph processing. With practically 290,000 UK employees and from totally different nationalities, Tesco has a variety of wants to contemplate. (Instance 15) Telegraph Media Group is a company who provides to their staff’ big selection of advantages, and that’s the reason for why greater than 80% of the workers have declared to be glad with advantages. One in all Telegraph’s hottest advantages is the pension scheme, the place the corporate pays so much into that and staff don’t get charged for administration. In the identical manner there's a good web site for the pension scheme. This is essential difficulty for workers due to this fact within the present scenario, as a result of they will save their pensions and don’t have to fret concerning the public pot. (http://proquest.umi.com) One other valued difficulty is the well being and wellbeing providers supplied by Telegraph, comparable to its on-site fitness center, free and subsidised health lessons, free company therapeutic massage service, and on-site physician with physiotherapy providers. All this sort of sensible compensation insurance policies ease the lifetime of the workers and likewise the productiveness and work surroundings of the corporate. (Instance 16) One other instance is the one concerning the Oil and Gasoline Firm Subsea 7, who employs 1,800 folks within the UK they usually contemplate that's important to create a intelligent cost technique to draw and retain the perfect folks. Contemplating this the corporate first launched tax-efficient perks supplied by way of wage sacrifice preparations, then constructed on this with a complete reward assertion and a flex scheme. To make sure the bundle is known and appreciated by employees, it tracks quite a lot of measurements, together with the quantity who has enrolled on the advantages web site, the alternatives they make, how typically they go to the positioning, and the take-up of various advantages. (http://proquest.umi.com) Conclusions Throughout this essay, it has been tried to reveal what is healthier for each staff and firms when it comes to compensation. Because it has been proven the compensation may range relying on the corporate insurance policies and the HR methods. As human beings we're trying all the time for your best option for us, it have to be a selection that fulfill the fundamental wants one individual has and on the similar time gave him/her wellbeing, consolation and happiness. In the identical manner corporations are searching for the easiest way to draw and retain wonderful employees, which brings high quality, productiveness, development, standing, competitiveness and income to the corporate. Now then, compensation is simply the way wherein the workers get some pay in return of the providers they've given to the corporate. The principle query of this essay put a hypothetical scenario wherein staff undervalue the price of the advantages, and the corporate has to determine whether or not take away the advantages and add extra direct compensation, which might means add extra financial worth, extra primary wage or simply extra allowances; now then, because it has been proven earlier than, the wants of every worker differs relying on the age, private goals, household kind, life-style, tradition, faith and even schooling stage. So it’s important that the employer is aware of completely effectively the traits and the employees behaviour, with a purpose to supply the perfect compensation bundle for every personnel, and likewise to economize and achieve productiveness and competitiveness. Because it has been talked about earlier than, the corporate may achieve productiveness and competitiveness simply by providing to their staff’ good situations, as a result of the employee who feels that the corporate actually care about him and provides to him the whole lot he wants may work the double within the half of time, giving higher outcomes and being dedicated with the enterprise, in order that’s how an employer can create loyal and good staff. However, when corporations selected the proper compensation packages for his or her staff, they are going to be saving cash and the reason being as a result of on one aspect they received’t waste cash in advantages that staff don’t like or undervalue and even they don't seem to be going to make use of, and on the opposite aspect the get monetary savings as a result of in the event that they maintain the workers glad they received’t be must spend cash on recruiting and coaching new employees. So, my reply to the principle query is that, employers should do the whole lot essential to maintain staff glad, as they're the gears of the machine, so if on this case or in a single particular firm the workers undervalue the advantages and like extra direct compensation, I need to say that on first occasion a common test in of the compensation program have to be executed, so it means to test the totally different dimension of cost comparable to type, stage, construction, combine and the pay insurance policies of the corporate. Is important to know that some advantages can't be eliminated, as they have to be given as a authorized difficulty (e.g. social safety or pensions), different versatile advantages might be eliminated or added in accordance the attribute of the worker, as a result of I can’t supply a 25 years outdated individual, whose marital standing is single a childcare voucher or long run plans advantages, could also be this individual might be extra attracted with journey allowances, or simply have extra cash to spend on leisure actions; on the opposite aspect a mom with little youngsters must be extra considering versatile timings, earn a living from home, well being care insurance coverage and holidays, and in the identical manner an outdated individual might be pondering in pension schemes. Now then, for the corporate as an alternative, the very fact of add extra direct compensation may characterize a extra sophisticated handle of the money stream and on the similar time might be costlier, as staff should not giving up a part of their salaries in trade of the advantages, and a few corporations often negotiate reductions with some profit suppliers, as an alternative it can't be executed with the workers wage; as well as, with oblique compensation employers get tax benefits, that might be related all through of the 12 months. In conclusion, if the employer provides extra direct compensation he may lose cash, as a result of he received’t have tax benefits, there received’t be wage sacrifice system so there received’t be risk to barter with profit suppliers and in consequence it is going to be additionally extra sophisticated to handle the money stream with out these advantages. Now then again, if the workers should not utterly glad with the oblique compensation, it's going to imply that the work surroundings might be affected and in consequence the productiveness, competitiveness and loyalty of the employees which in a medium time period might be costly for the corporate. So it’s a fancy scenario, which I’m agree partially, as a result of it require a wise technique that allow the employer maintain oblique compensation with a purpose to profit the corporate wealth, belongings and assets, however on the similar time is critical supply good perks to staff with a purpose to create incentives and wellbeing amongst them and thus increase every worker to get the perfect of them. References Books: Ferris, Gerald R., Rosen, Sherman D. And Barnum, Darold T. Handbook of Human Sources Administration. (1995) Blackwell Publishers, first ed., Oxford, pp. 528-570 Value, Alan. Human Useful resource Administration in a Enterprise Context. 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(2005) http://www.hrmreport.com/article/HR-Administration-Worker-Incentive-Recognition-and-Reward-Case-Examine/ [ 1st April 2011]. http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/Employment/Staff/index.htm [2nd April 2011]. http://www.human-capital-management.internet/enterprise/ [3rdApril 2011] Hudson Valley Enterprise Journal Could 17. 2010 http://net.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=21&hid=119&sid=b9cb39d4-a1c7-499b-9d41-b7631902a20a%40sessionmgr104 [4th April 2011] Hudson Valley Enterprise Journal Could 17. 2010 http://net.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=21&hid=119&sid=b9cb39d4-a1c7-499b-9d41-b7631902a20a%40sessionmgr104 [4th April 2011] http://www.personneltoday.com/dwelling/default.aspx [4th April 2011] http://businesswest.com/archive [4th April 2011] http://www.economiaynegocios.cl/mis_finanzas/detalles/home_fin.asp?seccion=three [4th April 2011] http://www.pdvsa.com/interface.sp/database/fichero/publicacion/6409/1279.PDF[4th April 2011] http://www.personneltoday.com/dwelling/default.aspx [4thApril 2011] http://www.cipd.co.uk/search/searchresults.aspx?really useful=True&Question=compensation+and+advantages&PageIndex=1&sortby=relevance&sitetype=REDESIGN_MAIN [8th April 2011] Hudson Valley Enterprise Journal Could 17. 2010 http://net.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=21&hid=119&sid=b9cb39d4-a1c7-499b-9d41-b7631902a20a%40sessionmgr104 [10th April 2011] http://net.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=21&hid=119&sid=b9cb39d4-a1c7-499b-9d41-b7631902a20a%40sessionmgr104 [10th April 2011] Worker Advantages. 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