Article Review II
In this assignment you have to review journal articles in the topic of the term paper which is nutrition in sports.
• Purpose of this assignment is to provide experience in reviewing journal articles (not abstract) in the student’s term project paper and presentation topic.
• The article review should be research-based articles (not a review paper) and should be come from a journal in the field.
• This should be 2 pages summarizing the article and must be typed. In addition, be sure to include the article.
Attached you will find the table of contents, references, and the first article review regarding the topic nutrition in sports of my term paper.
Article Review II
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Abstract …………………………………………………………………………………. i
1.0 INTRODUCTION …………………………………………………………………1
2.0 CONTEMPORARY PERCEPTIONS IN SPORTS NUTRITION …………….1
3.0 NUTRITION FOR ATHLETE PREPARATION …………………………………2
3.1 Energy needs, energy balance and accessibility of energy ……………………2
3.2 Composition of the body and sports performance ……………………………2
3.3 Methodologies for assessment of body composition …………………………3
3.4 Principles of modifying body weight and composition……………………….3
4.0 REQUIREMENT OF MACRONUTRIENTS FOR SPORTS ……………………4
4.1 Carbohydrate ………………………………………………………………….5
4.2 Protein………………………………………………………………………….5
4.3 Fat ………………………………………………………………………………6
4.4 Micronutrients ………………………………………………………………….6
5.0 PERFORMANCE NUTRITION: STRATEGIES FOR THE OPTIMIZATION OF PERFORMANCE AND RECOVERY FOR TRAINING AND COMPETITIONS….7
5.1 Pre, during and post-sports event eating…………………………………………8
5.2 Hydration instructions …………………………………………………………8
5.3 Carbohydrate intake instructions……………………………………………… 8
5.4 Protein intake instructions ……………………………………………………. 8
6.0 RESPONSIBILITIES AND ROLES OF A SPORTS DIETITIAN………………. 9
7.0 SUMMARY …………………………………………………………………………… 9
8.0 REFERENCES ………………………………………………………………………10

1.0 Introduction …………………………………………………………………1
Nutrition is a vital component to people involved in sports in the determination of the type of foods, the quantity of food, and levels of fluids to be taken by the athletes. Additionally, nutrition in sports ensures that sportsmen are involved in the consumption of organic food, vitamins, supplements, and minerals to give then energy and the capacity to engage in their different sports. Nutrition ensures that sportsmen consume healthy and the right food to ensure they are emotionally and physically to engage in various sports appropriately.
2.0 Contemporary perceptions in sports nutrition …………….1
In contemporary times nutrition and dietetics are considered a vital aspect of sports for it greats contributes to success among the athletes. It is clear that sportsmen are involved in a lot of engaging activities that involve the use of energy (Fortes et al., 2019). In this regard, contemporary nutrition in sports aims at replacing the used energy and ensuring the athletes remain in proper condition to engage in sport.
3.0 Nutrition for athlete preparation …………………………………2
3.1 Energy needs, energy balance, and accessibility of energy ……………………2
Athletics involve the use of energy, and different sportsmen engage in different sports. In this regard, sportsmen need to consume food with appropriate energy for their different sports (McManus, Murray and Parry, 2017). In this regard, foods such as bananas, Fatty fish, brown rice, or eggs contain appropriate energy to meet energy needs and body balance.

3.2 Composition of the body and sports performance ……………………………2
The right composition of the human body is directly attributed to performance in different sports. Body composition in sports entails the total weight and size of a sportsman in the proportion of weight composed of bone, fat, and muscle (McManus, Murray and Parry, 2017). Nutrition ensures that sportsmen consume the right food to maintain their body composition. The appropriate body composition increases the functional ability of the body as one is in a position to move and workout freely, thus burning calories effectively.
3.3 Methodologies for assessment of body composition …………………………3
There are different methodologies uses in the assessment of the body composition among the sportsmen. In this regard, the assessment methodologies include anthropometric, bio-impedance spectroscopy, and bioelectric impedance analysis.
3.4 Principles of modifying body weight and composition……………………….3
The modification of the body and its composition is founded on principles incorporated in the consumption of food, fluids, or nutrients (McManus, Murray and Parry, 2017). The principle of body weight and composition include the loss of excess fat and the development of lean body mass
4.0 Requirement of macronutrients for sports ……………………4
4.1 Carbohydrate ………………………………………………………………….5
Carbohydrates include sugars, fibers, and starches. Food containing carbohydrates for sportsmen includes bananas, sweet potatoes, oranges, beetroots, oats, rice bran, whole-wheat pasta, or plain yogurt (Rossi et al., 2017).
4.2 Protein………………………………………………………………………….5
Proteins are macronutrients that enhance the building of muscle mass such as eggs, milk, chicken meat, organic cricket powder, peanut butter, cheese, almonds, and plain yogurt.
4.3 Fat ………………………………………………………………………………6
Fats give athletes energy to work appropriately. Fatty foods include fatty foods, avocados, vegetable oils, and olives.
4.4 Micronutrients ………………………………………………………………….6
Micronutrients entail chemical substances in different amounts for the growth and development of the body. Micronutrients can be found in eggs, fish, chicken, nuts, seeds, cheese, soy, and milk (Rossi et al., 2017).
5.0 Performance Nutrition: Strategies for the optimization of performance and recovery for training and competitions….7
5.1 Pre, during and post-sports event eating…………………………………………8
Sportsmen need to eat appropriately based on the time they get involved in their different sports. In this regard, pre-meals should have high carbohydrates and low-fat content for energy purposes. Meals during the sporting event should have high carbohydrates and fluid content. Post-sports meals should contain made of a balanced diet containing carbohydrates, fat, and proteins (Latkov, Vekovtsev, and Bakaytis, 2015).

5.2 Hydration instructions …………………………………………………………8
Sportsmen need to take cold water before they engage in the sport during the sport water should be taken on an hourly basis. Coldwater needs to be taken with an increase in temperatures (Latkov, Vekovtsev, and Bakaytis, 2015).
5.3 Carbohydrate intake instructions……………………………………………… 8
High amounts of carbohydrates should be taken before and after the sporting activity.
5.4 Protein intake instructions ……………………………………………………. 8
Proteins can be taken before and after the sporting activities for repairing and building muscles (Latkov, Vekovtsev, and Bakaytis, 2015).
6.0 Responsibilities and roles of a sports dietitian………………. 9
Sports dietitians have different responsibilities such as educating and counseling sportsmen on optimal nutritional goals and Making recommendations for nutrition in different instances such as during exercise, weight management, hydration, and recovery from exercise (Fortes et al., 2019).
7.0 Summary
Nutritions is an important aspects of athletics as they determine the ability of the sportsmen and the levels of success. In this regard, nutriotion shout be incorporated in sporting activity to guide the sportsmen and other relavant parties on the right consumption of for for their capability in the field.

References
Fortes, L. D. S., Almeida, S. S., Nascimento Junior, J. R. A. D., Vieira, L. F., Lima-Júnior, D., & Ferreira, M. E. C. (2019). Effect of motor imagery training on tennis service performance in young tennis athletes. Revista de psicología del deporte, 28(1), 0157-168.
Fortes, L. D. S., Almeida, S. S., Nascimento Junior, J. R. A. D., Vieira, L. F., Lima-Júnior, D., & Ferreira, M. E. C. (2019). Effect of motor imagery training on tennis service performance in young tennis athletes. Revista de psicología del deporte, 28(1), 0157-168.
Latkov, N. Y., Vekovtsev, A. A., & Bakaytis, V. I. (2015). Relevant problems of sports nutrition. Foods and Raw materials, 3(1).
McManus, C. J., Murray, K. A., & Parry, D. A. (2017). Applied sports nutrition support, dietary intake and body composition changes of a female athlete completing 26 marathons in 26 days: a case study. Journal of sports science & medicine, 16(1), 112.
Rossi, F. E., Landreth, A., Beam, S., Jones, T., Norton, L., & Cholewa, J. M. (2017). The effects of a sports nutrition education intervention on nutritional status, sport nutrition knowledge, body composition, and performance during off season training in NCAA Division I baseball players. Journal of sports science & medicine, 16(1), 60.

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