Gospel Inconsistencies in Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John’s views

The four Gospels in the New Testament are the primary sources of information about the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. They are also the products of different authors, communities, perspectives, and purposes. While they share many common elements and themes, they also exhibit significant variations and discrepancies that have puzzled and challenged scholars and believers for centuries. In this paper, I will examine some of the major inconsistencies in the Gospels and explore their possible explanations and implications.

Research Paper Writing Service: Professional Help in Research Projects for Students – One of the most noticeable inconsistencies in the Gospels is the timeline of Jesus’s birth. According to Matthew, Jesus was born during the reign of Herod the Great, who died around 4 BCE. Matthew also reports that Joseph and Mary fled to Egypt with the infant Jesus to escape Herod’s massacre of the male children in Bethlehem (Matthew 2:13-18). According to Luke, however, Jesus was born during the first census under Quirinius, the governor of Syria, which took place in 6 CE (Luke 2:1-2). Luke also says that Joseph and Mary went to Jerusalem to present Jesus in the temple shortly after his birth, and then returned to Nazareth without any mention of Egypt (Luke 2:21-40). These two accounts are difficult to reconcile chronologically and geographically.

Do My Assignment For Me UK: Class Assignment Help Services Best Essay Writing Experts – Another inconsistency in the Gospels is the genealogy of Jesus. Both Matthew and Luke provide a list of ancestors for Jesus, tracing his lineage back to Abraham (Matthew) and Adam (Luke). However, the two lists diverge significantly after David, the king of Israel. Matthew follows the line of Solomon, David’s son by Bathsheba, while Luke follows the line of Nathan, another son of David by an unknown wife. The names of Joseph’s father and grandfather are also different in the two lists. Moreover, Matthew’s genealogy has 42 names from Abraham to Jesus, while Luke’s genealogy has 77 names from Adam to Jesus. Some scholars have suggested that Matthew’s genealogy reflects Joseph’s legal descent from David, while Luke’s genealogy reflects Mary’s biological descent from David. Others have argued that both genealogies are symbolic rather than historical, highlighting different aspects of Jesus’s identity and mission.

A third inconsistency in the Gospels is the account of Judas Iscariot’s death. Judas was one of the twelve disciples who betrayed Jesus to the Jewish authorities for thirty pieces of silver. According to Matthew, Judas felt remorse for his betrayal and tried to return the money to the chief priests and elders. When they refused to take it back, he threw it into the temple and hanged himself (Matthew 27:3-5). According to Acts, which is traditionally attributed to Luke, Judas used the money to buy a field. There he fell headlong and his body burst open, spilling his intestines (Acts 1:18). These two descriptions of Judas’s death are not only different but also contradictory. How could Judas hang himself and then fall headlong? How could he buy a field after throwing away the money? Some scholars have attempted to harmonize these accounts by proposing that Judas hanged himself on a tree over a cliff or a valley, and that his body later fell down and burst open due to decay or scavengers. Others have suggested that there were two traditions about Judas’s death that were preserved independently by Matthew and Luke.

These are just some examples of the inconsistencies in the Gospels that raise questions about their historical accuracy and reliability. However, these inconsistencies do not necessarily undermine their theological validity and authority. The Gospel writers were not modern historians who aimed to provide a factual and objective report of what happened. Rather, they were ancient storytellers who shaped their narratives according to their theological convictions and pastoral concerns. They selected, arranged, interpreted, and embellished their sources to convey their distinctive portraits of Jesus and his significance for their audiences. They did not intend to contradict each other but rather to complement each other with their diverse perspectives and insights. The inconsistencies in the Gospels invite us to read them critically but also creatively, appreciating their richness and depth as inspired testimonies of faith.


– Ranker.com. (2021). 10 Of The Biggest Inconsistencies In The Gospels That Have Us Rereading Our Bibles. Retrieved from https://www.ranker.com/list/bible-gospel-differences-learned/melissa-sartore
– Zondervan Academic. (2017). Bible Contradictions Explained: 4 Reasons the Gospels “Disagree”. Retrieved from https://zondervanacademic.com/blog/bible-contradictions-explained
– Wikipedia. (2021). Internal consistency of the Bible. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internal_consistency_of_the_Bible
– Patheos. (2020). More Contradictions and Disagreements in the Gospels. Retrieved from https://www.patheos.com/blogs/messyinspirations/2020/05/more-contradictions-gospels/

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