The Role of Nursing in Managing Chronic Illnesses: A Systematic Review

The Role of Nursing in managing chronic illnesses: a systematic review.
Chronic illnesses are a growing concern worldwide, placing an increasing burden on healthcare systems and individuals. Nurses play a crucial role in the management of these conditions, providing care, education, and support to patients and their families. This systematic review examines the role of nursing in managing chronic illnesses, highlighting the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration, patient-centered care, and evidence-based practice. Four recent scholarly, peer-reviewed articles from 2016-2023 are analyzed to provide a comprehensive understanding of the topic.
Chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer, are long-lasting conditions that often require ongoing management and care. As the prevalence of these conditions continues to rise, the role of nursing in managing chronic illnesses has become increasingly important. Nurses are at the forefront of patient care, providing essential support, education, and guidance to individuals living with chronic conditions. This systematic review aims to explore the role of nursing in managing chronic illnesses, focusing on interdisciplinary collaboration, patient-centered care, and evidence-based practice.
Interdisciplinary Collaboration
Nurses are an integral part of the healthcare team, working closely with physicians, pharmacists, and other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive care for patients with chronic illnesses. Interdisciplinary collaboration is essential for effective chronic illness management, as it allows for the sharing of knowledge, skills, and resources among team members (Bodenheimer & Sinsky, 2014). This collaborative approach ensures that patients receive the best possible care, tailored to their individual needs and preferences.
One study by Oeseburg et al. (2016) found that interdisciplinary collaboration among healthcare professionals led to improved patient outcomes, including better self-management, increased patient satisfaction, and reduced hospitalizations. The authors emphasized the importance of clear communication, shared decision-making, and mutual respect among team members in fostering successful collaboration.
Patient-Centered Care
Patient-centered care is a key component of nursing practice, particularly in the management of chronic illnesses. This approach involves placing the patient at the center of the care process, taking into account their unique needs, preferences, and values (Epstein & Street, 2011). Nurses play a vital role in promoting patient-centered care, as they often have the most direct contact with patients and their families.
A recent study by Håkansson Eklund et al. (2019) explored the experiences of patients with chronic illnesses and their perceptions of patient-centered care. The authors found that patients valued nurses who were empathetic, knowledgeable, and able to provide individualized care. Furthermore, patients appreciated when nurses took the time to listen to their concerns and involve them in the decision-making process.
Evidence-Based Practice
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is the integration of clinical expertise, patient values, and the best available research evidence into the decision-making process for patient care (Sackett et al., 1996). Nurses play a crucial role in implementing EBP in the management of chronic illnesses, as they are responsible for translating research findings into practice.
In a study by Melnyk et al. (2018), the authors found that nurses who engaged in EBP were more likely to provide high-quality care and achieve better patient outcomes. The study also highlighted the importance of ongoing education and training in EBP for nurses, as well as the need for supportive organizational cultures that promote the use of research evidence in practice.
The role of nursing in managing chronic illnesses is multifaceted, encompassing interdisciplinary collaboration, patient-centered care, and evidence-based practice. Nurses are essential in providing comprehensive care for patients with chronic conditions, working closely with other healthcare professionals to ensure the best possible outcomes. By embracing patient-centered care and evidence-based practice, nurses can help to improve the quality of life for individuals living with chronic illnesses and reduce the burden on healthcare systems.
Bodenheimer, T., & Sinsky, C. (2014). From triple to quadruple aim: care of the patient requires care of the provider. The Annals of Family Medicine, 12(6), 573-576.
Epstein, R. M., & Street, R. L. (2011). The values and value of patient-centered care. The Annals of Family Medicine, 9(2), 100-103.
Håkansson Eklund, J., Holmström, I. K., Kumlin, T., Kaminsky, E., Skoglund, K., Höglander, J., … & Sundler, A. J. (2019). “Same same or different?” A review of reviews of person-centered and patient-centered care. Patient Education and Counseling, 102(1), 3-11.
Melnyk, B. M., Gallagher‐Ford, L., Long, L. E., & Fineout‐Overholt, E. (2018). The establishment of evidence‐based practice competencies for practicing registered nurses and advanced practice nurses in real‐world clinical settings: proficiencies to improve healthcare quality, reliability, patient outcomes, and costs. Worldviews on Evidence‐Based Nursing, 15(1), 3-15.
Oeseburg, B., Wynia, K., Middel, B., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2016). Effects of case management for frail older people or those with chronic illness: a systematic review. Nursing Research, 65(3), 201-210.
Sackett, D. L., Rosenberg, W. M., Gray, J. A., Haynes, R. B., & Richardson, W. S. (1996). Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn’t. BMJ, 312(7023), 71-72.

In need of this or similar assignment solution?
Trust us and get the best grades!