Christianity Chapter 8 1. King Henry used his connections with Thomas Cranmer to get a wife against the laws of Rome. He made the pope Clement Vll to officiate the marriage. By doing this the religious leaders lost their will power and were controlled by the leaders. This destroyed the coexistence of the between the different leaders in Rome. The acceptance to conduct the marriage by the Pope destroyed the coordination of the different leaders in Rome.
2. Sir Thomas More was a great figure and a head of the church who opposed the laws brought in y Henry Vlll. He adamantly refused to swear the loyalty to the king. As a result, he was imprisoned.
3. The reforms involve the restoration of the cup in communion to the laity.
The members of the clergy were allowed to get married and images were also removed from the churches.
https://books.google.com/books?id=bhl8g4PcujMC&pg=PA263&lpg=PA263&dq=The+members+of+the+clergy+were+allowed+to+get+married+and+images+were+also+removed+from+the+churches&source=bl&ots=_bBx4MjC1S&sig=ACfU3U2EEAkmUTfth4J8F3mBmLdWSmpRiw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjWx-ON24zgAhWMMd8KHVaRCrAQ6AEwD3oECAMQAQ 43%
The members of the clergy were allowed to get married and images were also removed from the churches. The biggest reform was the printing and publication of the common prayer book.
4. Mary Tudor restoration involved officially returning obedience to the Pope.
https://books.google.com/books?id=98cou2YIuUIC&pg=PA94&lpg=PA94&dq=4+Mary+Tudor+restoration+involved+officially+returning+obedience+to+the+Pope&source=bl&ots=MTevj6SfMq&sig=ACfU3U1IqqHQMaLhlcBJYLQx2OqmjKeWXA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiLpeWN24zgAhXM54MKHYn9BFMQ6AEwC3oECAYQAQ 57%
4. Mary Tudor restoration involved officially returning obedience to the Pope. The feast days of the saints were restored. Marriage of the clergy was illegalized and the married clergy were to set their wives aside. 5.
Elizabeth approach was to allow all kind of doctrines; the protestants and Catholicism. The believe about the communion.
Like the Thirty-nine articles which was used as a doctrinal foundation in the church of England.
http://www.historyhome.co.uk/peel/religion/42articles.htm 33%
Like the Thirty-nine articles which was used as a doctrinal foundation in the church of England. The doctrines were rejected. The articles sought to achieve a via media in other doctrines other than the Roman Catholics and protestants.
Chapter 11 1. Francis l was constantly against Protestantism. This changed during Henry ll who organized the protestant church and set up the rules. 2. Catherine supported protestants and improved the environment for Protestantism to thrive. She freed the protestants locked up in prison. She sought an agreement between the catholic and protestant theologians.
Edict of St. Germain was issued by the regent to allow Huguenots to practice their religion.
https://books.google.com/books?id=_40qBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA361&lpg=PA361&dq=Edict+of+St+Germain+was+issued+by+the+regent+to+allow+Huguenots+to+practice+their+religion&source=bl&ots=x8u9vpkTHq&sig=ACfU3U16eM8AmLCQz3FKgqAprzCjiDUpKw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiriOSS24zgAhWJmOAKHSvkCZsQ6AEwEXoECAEQAQ 43%
Edict of St. Germain was issued by the regent to allow Huguenots to practice their religion. Catherine wanted to gain favor with the protestants of that time. This led to the massacre of Vassy where many Huguenots were slaughtered.
3. At the wedding, when Coligny was returning to his lodge someone shot at him and someone shot at him and he lost one finger on his right hand. Charles lX investigated and found out the assassin was from a Guise origin. Catherine used an argument about the Huguenots to hide her influence in the issues and placed the blame on Coligny. The pope ordered for the Te Deum to celebrate night of St. Bartholomew and to commemorate the glorious deeds.
4. The war of the Henrys leads to Henry of Guise taking Paris and proclaiming he is king. He was though killed by the order of the king Henry lll. King Henry lll died and left Henry Bourbon alive who become the king as the legitimate heir. The Edict of Nantes was issued to allow the Huguenots freedom of worship in all places where they had churches before. Henry lV did it to foster religious peace and improve the national unity.
Chapter 12 a) lsabella was the Queen of Castile until she died. She was recognized for her work in the Church as a servant of God. Her approach was to reduce crime rate in the kingdom and she always keen on promoting political unity in Spain and promoting the work of God.
b) James Latomus is recognized as a theological adviser to the past inquisitions. His work was keen on opposing the ideas of Luther and the Protestant Reformation. His approach was to support the divine rights of papacy and promoting the hierarchy of the traditional Catholic Church. Caesar Baronius was recognized as an ltalian cardinal and historian for the conservative Catholic Church. He argued that the protestant reformation was disrupting the chronological order of theology and of the church. He advocates for a strict order in the Church without the unnecessary reforms and changes.
c) St. lgnatius of Loyola was a renown as a Spanish theologian and key influential persons in the movement of Catholic reforms. He was able to achieve a significant milestone by the founding the religious order referred to as the Society of Jesus. Teresa served a good role in showing the need for preserving the values of the Roman Catholic church. Pope Paul lll is popular countering the Protestant reformers in fighting for the Catholic church values and doctrines. The Jesuits rose from the Society of Jesus that focused on reforming individuals rather than the church.
d) The Council of Trent was conducted between 1545 and 1563. The council was a definition of counter-reformation. The attendees were Pope Paul lV, Pius lV, and Paul lll. The council was critical in promoting the Church’s liturgy and practices. The council achieved proper reforms for internal life and good discipline of the church. Some of the key topics of the Council of Trent includes Protestantism and Counter-Reformation.

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