Coding is important in qualitative analysis because it
allows individuals to better understand the messages in a text (Babbie, 2010).
Coding is also important because it is similar to a file cabinet it allows
people to retrieve data easily. Open coding is the start of the coding process
it includes classifying and labeling concepts in qualitative data analysis
(Babbie, 2010). In order to identify concepts in a paragraph or passage
sometimes the reader may have to reread the passage a few times. An example of
open coding is “My professor did not grade my paper fairly” and the codes can
be grading and Professor. Axial coding is a reexamination of the open coding to
identify more concepts from a passage. Axial coding focuses on the core
concepts of the study (Babbie, 2010). A category that may come from axial
coding regrouping the data found in open coding is “fairness”. Selective coding
builds on the results of open coding and axial coding to identify the central
concept of a text (Babbie, 2010). An example that was giving in the text was
homosexuality based off the chapter of Leviticus found in the Bible. Although
the key concept is homosexuality other key concepts are identified such as
“Abomination” and “Put to Death”. In Leviticus it says that certain foods are
not supposed to be eaten such as seafood and animals with four legs this is
identified as “Dietary Rules” (Babbie, 2010). Memoing is important when coding
because it explains the code in more details (Babbie, 2010). A person who knows
nothing about a topic would need a memo to get a better understating of the
code. Coding is effective and easy to access when done on a computer both
quantitative and qualitative data benefit from coding.
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