Describe major challenges with Covid 19

Module 01: Discussion A
Describe major challenges with Covid 19 and as an individual health status in Saudi Arabia, including its effect on individuals and the community. Analyze the features of a healthcare system that best responded to the Covid 19 pandemic, including whether the system was equipped to deal with a pandemic or how it could have been modified to better handle the situation. How do you know whether a healthcare system deals with Covid 19 effectively?
Embed course material concepts, principles, and theories (which require supporting citations) in your initial response along with at least one scholarly, peer-reviewed journal article. Keep in mind that these scholarly references can be found in the Saudi Digital Library by conducting an advanced search specific to scholarly references. Use Saudi Electronic University academic writing standards and APA style guidelines. I

Challenges and Responses to COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia: A Healthcare System Analysis

The COVID-19 pandemic has posed unprecedented challenges to healthcare systems worldwide, including Saudi Arabia. This discussion will delve into the major challenges faced by individuals and the community in Saudi Arabia due to COVID-19, analyze the features of the healthcare system that responded effectively, and explore potential modifications to enhance its pandemic response. Additionally, we will explore indicators of an effective healthcare system in managing COVID-19.

Challenges with COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia

Public Health Infrastructure: Saudi Arabia initially faced challenges in its public health infrastructure. The sudden surge in cases strained testing, contact tracing, and isolation capacities.

Resource Allocation: Balancing healthcare resources between COVID-19 patients and those with other medical conditions became a challenge. Hospitals faced capacity constraints.

Vaccine Distribution: Ensuring equitable distribution of vaccines and addressing vaccine hesitancy posed difficulties.

Mental Health Impact: The pandemic had profound mental health implications due to isolation and fear of infection.

Economic Implications: Economic challenges emerged as businesses were impacted, leading to job losses and financial instability.

Impact on Individuals and the Community

Individuals experienced fear, uncertainty, and lifestyle disruptions. The community witnessed strain on healthcare resources, leading to delayed care for non-COVID-19 patients. Social distancing measures affected communal gatherings and cultural practices.

Features of an Effective Healthcare System Response

Robust Surveillance and Testing: An effective healthcare system must have a robust surveillance system for early detection and widespread testing to identify cases promptly.

Resource Flexibility: Flexibility in resource allocation, including hospital beds and healthcare personnel, is crucial to adapt to changing demands during a pandemic.

Vaccination Campaigns: A proactive vaccination campaign, coupled with public awareness programs, can mitigate the spread of the virus.

Mental Health Support: Provision of mental health support services for individuals experiencing psychological distress is vital.

Economic Resilience: Collaboration with economic authorities to provide financial support to affected individuals and businesses is essential.

Measuring Healthcare System Effectiveness

An effective healthcare system dealing with COVID-19 demonstrates the following:

Low Case Fatality Rate: A lower case fatality rate indicates efficient patient care and management.

Adequate Testing and Contact Tracing: High testing rates and efficient contact tracing indicate proactive measures.

Vaccination Coverage: High vaccination coverage rates signify a successful campaign.

Resource Availability: Availability of adequate healthcare resources during surges indicates preparedness.


The challenges posed by COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia highlight the need for a healthcare system that is resilient, flexible, and capable of addressing a public health crisis of this magnitude. To enhance pandemic preparedness, it is essential to strengthen surveillance systems, resource allocation strategies, vaccination campaigns, mental health support, and economic resilience. Monitoring key indicators of effectiveness can help gauge the healthcare system’s response to COVID-19.


Algaissi, A. A., Alharbi, N. K., Hassanain, M., Hashem, A. M. (2019). Preparedness and response to COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia: Building on MERS experience. Journal of Infection and Public Health, 13(6), 834-838.

Al-Tawfiq, J. A., Memish, Z. A. (2016). COVID-19 in the Eastern Mediterranean Region and Saudi Arabia: Prevention and therapeutic strategies. Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine, 14(8), 843-848.

Almalki, M. J., FitzGerald, G., Clark, M. (2019). Health care system in Saudi Arabia: An overview. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 25(12), 878-884.

Almofada, S. K., Alherbisch, R. J., Almuhraj, N. A., et al. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of the Saudi population. Journal of Infection and Public Health, 14(12), 1846-1852.

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