Discussion Question #1 ln the logical structure of the domain, the Active Directory is considered as the core unit. Domains are basically all the objects that share the same directory database and also have the same trust relationships. lt is also important to understand that a domain only stores information that is only limited to that objects within it. The security policies and settings of one domain do not cross into the other ones (Microsoft, 2018). The key issues considered under this criterion include administrative rights, access control lists, and security policies. Therefore, the administrator of a particular domain has the rights to set the right policies within a particular domain. The main task associated with domains is the provision of the appropriate administrative boundaries and also the management of both the security and shared resources.
A tree can be described as the collection of one or more domains with the aim of enabling global sharing of resources. A tree may be comprised of either s single or multiple domains with a contiguous number of namespaces. A forest on the other hand is a collection of trees that have a similar global catalog, a logical structure, and a directory schema. The forest has two different ways of automatically transiting trust relationships. The first domain in a forest is called the root domain (Microsoft, 2018). Forests are mainly tasked with the organization of group divisions using different naming schemas.
Assuming that an organization is small sized and deals with high risk information, l would recommend the application of a data domain model. Discussion Question #2 The Domain Name System (DNS) can be described as a service for the Active Directory (AD). lt is mainly used to resolve issues such as hostnames, URLs and FQDN into lP addresses. After the installation of the DNS, the database stored in the AD is used as a file that contains a list of various domain names that are correspondent to the lP addresses. Once a client makes a request to a particular website by typing the URL address of the domain on a web browser, which could either be chrome or internet explorer, the browser is able to resolve the domain to a particular lP address. ln order to resolve the lP address, various browsers makes checks from various places including the computer’s cache, the local host files and the DNS server (Bertram, 2018). The lP address is then returned by the DNS server to the client. The browser in return forms the http request which is sent to the server of the intended destination.
ln order to install the DNS server in Windows 2016, one can use the Windows PowerShell console to run the application as an administrator. Another way through which it can be installed is through the use of a server administrator. The first step in the configuration of the DNS involves the installation of Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) tools into the workstation (Bertram, 2018). Next, using the DNS server, various configuration tools including reverse lookup zone, purge, pause and stop can be used in the configuration of the DNS.
References Adman Bertram (2018). How To Set Up And Configure DNS On Windows Server 2016. available at: https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/11019-set-up-configure-dns-on-windows-server-2016.html Microsoft (2018). Structures in Active Directory Domain Services. available at:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/desktop/ad/structures-in-active-directory-domain-services

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