Discussion post: Explain what is meant by the new “common wisdom” of policing, and discuss the major research findings of the latter half of the 1900s regarding policing methods.
Minimum 300 words
Please use scholarly peer reviewed articles. Resources that may be helpful attached. The citation to the attached section is below:
Peak, K., & Glensor, R. (2012). Commu
The “common wisdom” of policing refers to the new approach of policing that emerged in the late 20th century, which emphasizes community engagement and problem-solving. This new approach recognizes that traditional policing methods, such as aggressive law enforcement and high rates of arrest and incarceration, have limitations in reducing crime and improving public safety. The new approach to policing shifts the focus from punishment to prevention and involves working collaboratively with community members to identify and address the root causes of crime.
The major research findings of the latter half of the 1900s regarding policing methods include several studies that evaluated the effectiveness of traditional policing strategies, such as aggressive law enforcement and rapid response to calls for service. These studies found that these methods were not very effective in reducing crime, and in some cases, they even increased crime in certain areas. For example, the Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment found that increasing police presence in high-crime areas had little effect on crime rates. Similarly, the Newark Foot Patrol Experiment found that foot patrols did not reduce crime, but did improve community relations with the police.
Other research has shown that community-oriented policing strategies can be more effective in reducing crime and improving public safety. For example, the Minneapolis Domestic Violence Experiment found that police intervention, combined with community resources, was effective in reducing domestic violence. The Boston Gun Project, which involved a collaborative effort between law enforcement, community leaders, and researchers, was successful in reducing gun violence in Boston.
Overall, these studies suggest that the new approach to policing, which emphasizes community engagement and problem-solving, can be more effective in reducing crime and improving public safety than traditional policing methods. This approach involves building trust and positive relationships with community members, identifying and addressing the root causes of crime, and working collaboratively with other community stakeholders, such as social service providers and community leaders.
In conclusion, the “common wisdom” of policing that has emerged in recent decades emphasizes community engagement and problem-solving, and is based on research that has shown the limitations of traditional policing methods. By working collaboratively with community members and addressing the root causes of crime, police departments can improve public safety and build stronger, more positive relationships with the communities they serve.