Research Proposal: Solar Energy
Executive Summary
Considering that the world is shifting to a post-carbon society, the integration of solar energy into the economies is important. Apart from reducing dependence on fossil fuels, solar energy provides an opportunity for the UAE to enhance environmental sustainability and deal with concerns of climate change (Mas’ud, et al., 2018). The UAE depends on fossil fuels for their economic growth. However, the recent decline in the oil prices has raised concerns on the sustainability of the oil economy. According to Childress (2011), solar energy production provides clear positive effects on the economies. The UAE governments should recognize the benefits of solar energy in helping to balance the demand and supply of energy in the economy (Jamil, Ahmad, & Jeon, 2016). The emphasis on solar energy plays an important role in reducing climate changes and overdependence on fossil fuels.
The research study will rely on past literature sources to gather evidence on the impacts of renewable sources of energy mainly solar energy and how it helps in reducing pollution in the society. The research will focus mainly on the benefits and disadvantages of solar energy in the UAE region (Mokri, Ali, & Emziane, 2013). But, it will explore the pollution effects emerging from the use of non-renewable sources of energy and their impacts on the society (Negoițescu, & Tokar,2016). The research findings will be relevant for providing appropriate policy recommendations and strategies for the UAE governments to improve sustainability. The research outcomes will offer additional insights and knowledge to the existing research work on the impacts of solar energy (Notton, et al., 2018). Therefore, the assessment of the impacts of solar energy in UAE is relevant to determine its effects on climate change and economic growth.
This research will evaluate the impacts of solar energy in the UAE identifying the pollution efforts of the non-renewable sources of sources including fossil fuels. Over the years, the GCC countries have relied on fossil fuels as a major source of economic growth (Bell, 2016). Investigating the impact of solar energy in the UAE will provide relevant insights on the benefits of renewable sources of energy. The research recommends the significance of adopting solar energy in the UAE. Adoption of solar energy reduces climate change risks (Akella, Saini, & Sharma, 2009). The aim of the research project is to assess the critical benefits of solar energy in the UAE. It will also to determine the pollution emanating from the use of non-renewable sources of energy (Radonjić, et al.,2016). The proposal will include a clear research methodology, literature review on past journals and sources, and discussion of the research findings and outcomes to ascertain the impacts of solar energy in the UAE.

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Bell, S. E. (2016). Environmental Injustice and the Pursuit of a Post-Carbon World: The Unintended Consequences of the Clean Air Act as a Cautionary Tale for Solar Energy Development. Brook. L. Rev., 82(2), 529-556.
Childress, V. W. (2011). Energy Decisions: Is Solar Power the Solution?. Technology and Engineering Teacher, 70(5), 9-14.
Jamil, M., Ahmad, F., & Jeon, Y. J. (2016). Renewable energy technologies adopted by the UAE: Prospects and challenges–A comprehensive overview. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 55, 1181-1194.
Mas’ud, A. A., Wirba, A. V., Alshammari, S. J., Muhammad-Sukki, F., Abdullahi, M. A. M., Albarracín, R., & Hoq, M. Z. (2018). Solar Energy Potentials and Benefits in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries: A Review of Substantial Issues. Energies, 11(2), 372.
Mokri, A., Ali, M. A., & Emziane, M. (2013). Solar energy in the United Arab Emirates: A review. Renewable and Sustainable energy reviews, 28, 340-375.
Negoițescu, A., & Tokar, A. (2016). Solar Energy as an Alternative to Energy Saving and Pollutant Emissions Reduction. Analele Universităţii Eftimie Murgu Reşiţa. Fascicula de Inginerie, 23(1), 195-202.
Notton, G., Nivet, M. L., Voyant, C., Paoli, C., Darras, C., Motte, F., & Fouilloy, A. (2018). Intermittent and stochastic character of renewable energy sources: Consequences, cost of intermittence and benefit of forecasting. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 87, 96-105.
Radonjić, I. S., Pavlović, T. M., Mirjanić, D. L., Radović, M. K., Milosavljević, D. D., & Pantić, L. S. (2016). Investigation of the impact of atmospheric pollutants on solar module energy efficiency. Thermal Science, (00), 176-176.