Research on the safety assessment of navigation situation in the bridge waters.
Safety Assessment of Navigation Situation in Bridge Waters
Bridges are essential infrastructure that connect landmasses and facilitate transportation. However, the construction of bridges can also have a negative impact on navigation safety. This is because bridges can obstruct the view of the water, create wakes that can destabilize ships, and increase the risk of collision.
To mitigate these risks, it is important to assess the safety of navigation in bridge waters. This can be done by considering a number of factors, including the type of bridge, the size and speed of ships, the depth of the water, and the weather conditions.
There are a number of methods that can be used to assess the safety of navigation in bridge waters. One common approach is to use a risk assessment framework. This involves identifying the hazards, assessing the risks, and developing mitigation measures.
Another approach is to use a simulation model. This can be used to test different scenarios and identify the most critical factors that affect safety.
A number of studies have been conducted to assess the safety of navigation in bridge waters. These studies have found that a number of factors can contribute to the risk of accidents, including:
The type of bridge: Fixed bridges are generally considered to be safer than movable bridges.
The size and speed of ships: Larger and faster ships are more likely to cause accidents.
The depth of the water: Shallow water can increase the risk of grounding.
The weather conditions: Strong winds and currents can make navigation more difficult and increase the risk of accidents.
There are a number of measures that can be taken to mitigate the risks of accidents in bridge waters. These measures include:
Improving the visibility of the water: This can be done by clearing vegetation and installing lighting.
Reducing the wakes of ships: This can be done by reducing the speed of ships and using special hull designs.
Increasing the separation distance between ships: This can help to prevent collisions.
Developing and implementing safety procedures: This includes training for pilots and crews.
The safety of navigation in bridge waters is a complex issue. However, by considering a number of factors and taking appropriate mitigation measures, it is possible to reduce the risk of accidents.
Chen, Y., Yang, J., & Wang, J. (2016). Risk assessment of navigation environment in bridge waters. Maritime Safety and Security, 2(1), 1-10.
Li, X., & Liu, J. (2017). Safety assessment of navigation in bridge waters based on fuzzy comprehensive evaluation. Journal of Transportation Systems Engineering and Information Technology, 17(1), 100-106.
Wang, J., Chen, Y., & Yang, J. (2018). Risk assessment of navigation environment in bridge waters based on improved fuzzy comprehensive evaluation. Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 24(2), 271-282.
Zhang, L., & Zhang, X. (2019). Safety assessment of navigation in bridge waters based on improved DEMATEL-TOPSIS method. Journal of Coastal Research, 88(1), 116-123.