Songs of Solomon, Songs of Songs

Songs of Songs, also known as the Song of Solomon, is one of the wisdom scriptures in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. The scripture has been a subject of various interpretations by different commentators. The interpretations range from seeing it as a love poem to a depiction of the relationship between God and His people. This essay aims to explore two aspects of the scripture, namely marriage and intimacy, and meaning and messages.

Marriage and Intimacy in Songs of Songs

Some commentators interpret Songs of Songs as a guide on how to rekindle intimacy in marriages. They cite different chapters and verses to support their view. In chapter one, the bride and groom use endearing terms for each other, such as “beloved,” at least 31 times. According to these commentators, this chapter emphasizes the importance of using endearing words to sustain intimacy in marriage. The art of kissing is also mentioned in the scripture, as the groom states, “Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth! For your love is better than wine.” This verse is interpreted as highlighting the significance of kissing in rebuilding lost intimacy in marriage.

In chapter two, the groom praises the bride, claiming to be the best man that she knows. This verse suggests that to revive intimacy in marriage, couples should avoid being drawn away by worldly distractions. Additionally, commentators note that the book shows that physical intimacy should be a natural part of marriage. However, it should be done in the context of love and commitment.

Meaning and Messages in Songs of Songs

Various interpretations of the meaning and messages of Songs of Songs have been put forward. One widely accepted interpretation is that the book emphasizes the importance of love, marriage, and sexual love as gifts from God. The scripture implies that sex and love should not be separated. Those who engage in sexual activities without love are said to be living in a vicious cycle of life. Similarly, those who view sex as dirty or taboo are limited in their understanding of sex. These individuals may acknowledge that sex should not be practiced outside marriage, but they fail to recognize the validity of sexual love within marriage.

Another interpretation of Songs of Songs is that it portrays the relationship between God and His people. God is often depicted as the bridegroom, and the people of Israel are portrayed as His bride. The scripture expresses God’s deep love for His people and His desire for them to remain faithful to Him. In this interpretation, the book serves as a reminder to the people of Israel of their covenant with God.


In conclusion, Songs of Songs is a complex and rich scripture that has been interpreted in different ways by different commentators. Some see it as a guide on how to rekindle intimacy in marriages, while others view it as a depiction of the relationship between God and His people. Whatever the interpretation, it is clear that the book emphasizes the importance of love, commitment, and physical intimacy in the context of marriage.

Works Cited
Exum, J. Cheryl. Song of Songs: A Commentary. Westminster John Knox Press, 2005.
Hess, Richard S. Song of Songs. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, IVP Academic, 2020.
Maston, Jason S. “Song of Songs: Introduction and Overview.” Lexham Bible Dictionary, edited by John D. Barry et al., Lexham Press, 2021.
Longman, Tremper, III. Song of Songs. Baker Academic, 2001.

Renn, Stephen D. “The Song of Songs.” The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, edited by Tremper Longman III and David E. Garland, vol. 5, Zondervan, 2008, pp. 569-722.

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