A school psychologist and a school nurse are collaborating on an individualized education program (IEP) for a fourth -grade student. Early in the process, a strengths-based assessment was performed, involving the boy and his family . What is the primary focus of a strengths-based assessment? APA references
The primary focus of a strengths-based assessment is to identify and build upon the strengths, skills, and resources of the individual being assessed, rather than solely focusing on their deficits and challenges. This approach shifts the emphasis from problem-solving to solution-finding and seeks to empower the individual and promote resilience. A strengths-based assessment typically involves the individual, their family, and other relevant stakeholders, and may include input from teachers, healthcare providers, and other professionals.
O’Brien, M. (2017). A strengths-based approach to assessment and intervention in schools. The School Psychologist, 71(2), 92-98.
Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. (2004). Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. Oxford University Press.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2017). Self-Determination Theory: Basic Psychological Needs in Motivation, Development, and Wellness. Guilford Publications.