NURS 6050/5050 Assignment: Advocating for the Nursing Role in Osteoporosis Reduction Program Design and Implementation

The healthcare program I will address focuses on reducing osteoporosis and low bone density rates among the population, particularly those affected by post knee and hip bone surgeries. Osteoporosis and bone fractures have become a growing health issue in the United States, with approximately 54 million Americans affected. To address this, an Osteoporosis Prevention Program (OPP) was implemented in my practice with the aim of reducing bone fracture rates in Texas. The program incorporates strategies to promote healthy eating, physical activity, and community support for individuals at risk or affected by osteoporosis. The estimated cost of the program’s implementation is funded by public resources, and the projected outcomes include decreased bone fracture rates, improved overall health, and increased access to healthy living options for the population.

The target population for the OPP program includes all individuals in Texas at risk of or affected by osteoporosis, particularly those who have undergone knee and hip bone surgeries. The program aims to address social determinants of health, making it accessible to all, regardless of background or age.

As a nurse, my role in providing input for the design of the OPP program is crucial. I ensure that the program’s strategies align with the needs and goals of the target population. Conducting needs assessments and understanding the health-related aspects that need to be prioritized helps in tailoring the program to the population’s specific needs. Additionally, I play a role in determining the necessary resources for successful program implementation, leveraging my experience with public health initiatives to make informed decisions.

As an advocate for the target population, my responsibilities include raising awareness about the importance of the program and its strategies. Health education is vital in ensuring that individuals understand and adopt the lifestyle and behavioral changes necessary for osteoporosis prevention. I also work to ensure equal access to program initiatives, addressing any barriers to participation and connecting individuals with support groups or resources that can help manage and prevent osteoporosis.

During the implementation phase, the nurse’s role varies from the design phase. In design, nurses contribute to the planning and development of the program’s strategies, while during implementation, they become implementers and coordinators. Nurses ensure that the strategies are put into action as planned and that the allocated resources are utilized effectively to achieve the program’s objectives.

In the implementation of the OPP program, a multidisciplinary healthcare team is essential. Registered nurses, dieticians, and physicians are among the most needed members of the team. Registered nurses perform screening, health education, and follow-up for patients. Dieticians conduct nutritional assessments and counseling to support at-risk patients. Physicians diagnose and treat individuals with osteoporosis, ensuring appropriate medical care and intervention.

In conclusion, the Osteoporosis Prevention Program is a crucial initiative to reduce bone fracture rates and improve overall health in Texas. Nurses play a vital role in program design and implementation, advocating for the target population and ensuring the successful execution of the program’s strategies. A collaborative and multidisciplinary approach is essential for the effective implementation of the program and the promotion of bone health for the population.

References:

Curry, S. J., Krist, A. H., Owens, D. K., Barry, M. J., Caughey, A. B., Davidson, K. W., … & Wong, J. B. (2018). Screening for Osteoporosis to Prevent Fractures. JAMA, 319(24), 2521. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.7498
des Bordes, J., Prasad, S., Pratt, G., Suarez-Almazor, M. E., & Lopez-Olivo, M. A. (2020). Knowledge, beliefs, and concerns about bone health from a systematic review and metasynthesis of qualitative studies. PLOS ONE, 15(1), e0227765. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0227765
Lieberman, I. H., MD, MBA, & FRCSC. (n.d.). Osteoporosis Prevention Plan. SpineUniverse. Retrieved from https://www.spineuniverse.com/conditions/osteoporosis/how-start-your-osteoporosis-prevention-plan-today
Osteoporosis Treatment & Prevention in Houston, Texas. (n.d.). Texas Endocrinology Group. Retrieved from https://www.txendocrine.com/services/osteoporosis/
Pinheiro, M. B., Oliveira, J., Bauman, A., Fairhall, N., Kwok, W., & Sherrington, C. (2020). Evidence on physical activity and osteoporosis prevention for people aged 65+ years: a systematic review to inform the WHO guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 17(1). doi:10.1186/s12966-020-01040-4

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