Cultural Care Theory And Practices In China And Taiwan
In 500 words explain the commonalities and differences in cultural care expressions, beliefs, and practices between these cultures. Incorporate a minimum of 2 current journal articles or primary legal sources (statutes, court opinions) within your work.
Cultural care theory and practices in China and Taiwan are similar in some aspects, but also distinct in others. Both cultures value the importance of caring for family members, especially the elderly and children. However, the specific expressions, beliefs, and practices of care differ.
One commonality is the emphasis on filial piety in both cultures. This is the traditional value of showing respect and obedience to one’s parents and elders. In China, the concept of filial piety is deeply rooted in Confucianism, and is considered an essential part of being a good person. In Taiwan, filial piety is also an important cultural value, and is often reflected in the way older adults are cared for by their families.
Another commonality is the importance of intergenerational care, where families are expected to provide care for their elderly and disabled members. In China, the government has implemented policies to support intergenerational care, such as the “Three Guarantees” program, which provides financial support for families caring for elderly or disabled relatives. In Taiwan, the Long-Term Care Act provides comprehensive care services for the elderly, including financial support for families providing care.
However, there are also differences in cultural care expressions and beliefs between China and Taiwan. For example, in Taiwan, the emphasis is on individualism and independence, while in China, collectivism and interdependence are more highly valued. This is reflected in the way care is provided, with individualistic care practices being more common in Taiwan, and collectivistic care practices being more common in China.
One difference is the way in which elderly care is provided. In China, adult children are expected to provide care for their elderly parents, and there is a strong emphasis on intergenerational care. In Taiwan, there is a greater emphasis on institutional care, with the government providing support for elderly care through nursing homes and other facilities.
Another difference is the way in which gender roles are perceived in care practices. In China, care is often seen as a feminine responsibility, with women being expected to provide care for their elderly and disabled family members. In Taiwan, gender roles in care practices are less rigid, and both men and women may provide care.
Journal articles that support these differences include “Filial piety and intergenerational care in contemporary China” by Wang et al., which examines the traditional value of filial piety in China and how it influences care practices for the elderly. “Gender roles and caregiving in Taiwan” by Chen et al., explores the changing gender roles in caregiving practices in Taiwan, including the increasing participation of men in caregiving.
Cultural care expressions, beliefs, and practices in China and Taiwan share some similarities, such as the importance of filial piety and intergenerational care. However, there are also distinct differences, such as the emphasis on individualism and independence in Taiwan, and the collectivism and interdependence in China, as well as the different gender roles in care practices. These differences reflect the unique cultural and social dynamics of each country and their respective care practices.