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Many developing countries have been battling with political instability and corruption and therefore remained backwards regardless of the good development strategies in place. Citing some examples in Kenya, discuss the extent to which this statement is true. 10 marks
Rural development is a key driver in realizing local economic development. Explain what the government should do to realize Rural development citing how this will contribute to development.
Answer to Question One:
Political instability and corruption are major hindrances to economic development in many developing countries, including Kenya. Despite the implementation of good development strategies, these issues have remained persistent and continue to hold back progress. In Kenya, there are various examples that demonstrate the extent to which political instability and corruption affect development.
Firstly, political instability has been a major issue in Kenya since its independence. The country has experienced multiple instances of political violence and unrest, including the 2007/2008 post-election violence that left over 1,000 people dead and displaced hundreds of thousands. Such instability creates an environment of uncertainty and fear, which discourages foreign investment and hinders economic growth.
Secondly, corruption is also a significant problem in Kenya. According to the 2021 Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International, Kenya was ranked 137 out of 180 countries, indicating high levels of corruption in the country. Corruption leads to misappropriation of public funds, which could have been invested in critical infrastructure and social services. Additionally, corrupt practices can discourage foreign investment and negatively affect the country’s overall economic growth.
Overall, political instability and corruption have significantly impacted Kenya’s economic development. It is crucial for the government and other stakeholders to address these issues to enable the implementation of good development strategies.
Answer to Question Two:
Rural development plays a crucial role in the realization of local economic development. The government can undertake several measures to promote rural development and ensure that it contributes to overall development.
Firstly, the government can invest in critical rural infrastructure such as roads, water, and sanitation systems. These investments would not only improve the living standards of rural populations but also facilitate the movement of goods and services, which is essential for economic growth.
Secondly, the government can provide financial support to small-scale rural businesses, especially those in the agricultural sector. Such support can include access to credit facilities, technical assistance, and market information, which would enable rural businesses to operate more efficiently and become more profitable.
Thirdly, the government can invest in education and training programs that equip rural populations with relevant skills and knowledge to participate in the country’s economic growth. This would enable rural populations to take advantage of new economic opportunities and improve their livelihoods.
Lastly, the government can promote public-private partnerships in rural development initiatives to leverage private sector expertise, resources, and networks to support rural development initiatives. This would create an enabling environment for rural businesses and stimulate economic growth in rural areas.
In conclusion, promoting rural development is crucial for local economic development, and the government can take various measures to realize it. By investing in critical infrastructure, supporting rural businesses, promoting education and training, and promoting public-private partnerships, the government can create an enabling environment for rural populations to participate in the country’s economic growth.