1. Compose at least 2-3 paragraphs all in APA format for each with proper references
2. use link provided with account info below
3. Read chapters 2,3,39,40, and 50 in the course text book


Week 2 Discussion Forum Prompt 1
Complete your week 2 required discussion prompts. You must complete:
Discussion Prompt 1:
Discuss the adverse event reporting system for medications, outcomes of these adverse report findings, and changes to practice.
Please make sure to follow the discussion board expectations as outlined in the main discussion board, the syllabus, and the rubric (found in the My Grades area).

Week 2 Discussion Forum Prompt 2
Discussion Prompt 2:
Discuss medications to treat asthma. What specifically should patients be taught about these medications to prevent adverse side effects?

Discussion Prompt 1: Adverse Event Reporting System for Medications

Adverse event reporting systems are crucial components of the healthcare system that enable healthcare providers to report any adverse events related to medications. The purpose of these systems is to identify and monitor the safety of drugs and medical devices and to inform healthcare providers and patients about potential adverse effects. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for collecting and analyzing data from adverse event reports in the United States. In addition to the FDA, other organizations, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA), also monitor adverse event reporting systems.

The outcome of adverse event reporting findings can lead to changes in drug labeling, warnings, and even the withdrawal of certain drugs from the market. For example, in 2004, the FDA issued a black box warning for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) due to an increased risk of suicide in children and adolescents. This change in labeling was a result of adverse event reporting findings that prompted further investigation into the safety of SSRIs in this population.

Changes to practice as a result of adverse event reporting can include modifying prescribing practices, revising protocols, and providing additional education and training for healthcare providers. For example, if a drug is associated with a higher risk of a certain adverse event, healthcare providers may choose to prescribe a different drug or monitor patients more closely. Adverse event reporting systems play a vital role in ensuring patient safety and improving the quality of care.


Food and Drug Administration. (2021). Adverse Event Reporting. Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/drugs/postmarket-drug-safety-information-patients-and-providers/adverse-event-reporting
European Medicines Agency. (2021). Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting. Retrieved from https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/human-regulatory/post-authorisation/pharmacovigilance/adverse-drug-reaction-reporting
World Health Organization. (2021). Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/medicines/services/inn/en/
Discussion Prompt 2: Medications to Treat Asthma

Asthma is a chronic condition that affects the airways, making breathing difficult. Medications are an essential component of managing asthma, and patients should be educated about these medications to prevent adverse side effects. The following are some of the most commonly used medications to treat asthma:

Quick-relief bronchodilators: These medications are used to relieve symptoms during an asthma attack. They include albuterol and levalbuterol.

Long-term control medications: These medications are used to prevent asthma symptoms and include inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta-agonists, and combination inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting beta-agonists.

Patients should be taught about the proper technique for using their medications, including how to use their inhalers correctly and the importance of rinsing their mouth after using inhaled corticosteroids to prevent thrush. They should also be informed of potential side effects, such as heart palpitations and tremors with quick-relief bronchodilators and throat irritation with inhaled corticosteroids.

Patients should also be advised to keep their medications with them at all times, particularly when traveling, and to have a written asthma action plan that includes what to do in the event of an asthma attack. Regular follow-up appointments with their healthcare provider are also essential to monitor the effectiveness of their medications and make any necessary adjustments.