1.Discuss whether or not each of the following activities is an artificial intelligence task.
a. Classification of cancer tissue images of the patients.
b. Sorting a student database based on student identification numbers.
c. Protein secondary structure prediction.
d. Automatic topic detection/clustering of the text documents.
2. What are the training and testing parts of AI/machine learning?
3. What are the types of data in AI?
4. Define the ‘Clustering’, ‘Classification’, and ‘Label’ in your own words.
5. Give two example titles of AI applications. (Hint: For example, Prediction of the stock market, Face recognition, etc.)
6. What is the difference between memory and intelligence? Explain in a few sentences.
7. Why do we need AI?
Discuss whether or not each of the following activities is an artificial intelligence task:
a. Classification of cancer tissue images of the patients: Yes, this is an AI task. It involves using machine learning algorithms to analyze and classify images based on patterns and features.
b. Sorting a student database based on student identification numbers: No, this is not an AI task. It is a simple sorting operation that can be performed using traditional programming techniques.
c. Protein secondary structure prediction: Yes, this is an AI task. It involves predicting the structure of proteins based on their amino acid sequences, which can be done using machine learning algorithms.
d. Automatic topic detection/clustering of the text documents: Yes, this is an AI task. It involves analyzing and grouping text documents based on their content, which can be done using natural language processing and machine learning techniques.
The training and testing parts of AI/machine learning:
Training: This is the process of feeding a machine learning algorithm with data, allowing it to learn patterns and relationships within the data. The algorithm adjusts its parameters to minimize the error between its predictions and the actual outcomes.
Testing: This is the process of evaluating the performance of a trained machine learning model on a separate dataset that it has not seen before. This helps to determine the model’s accuracy and generalization capabilities.
Types of data in AI:
Structured data: Data that is organized in a specific format, such as tables or spreadsheets, with clearly defined data types and relationships.
Unstructured data: Data that lacks a specific format or organization, such as text, images, audio, and video.
Semi-structured data: Data that has some structure but is not fully organized, such as XML or JSON files.
Define ‘Clustering’, ‘Classification’, and ‘Label’:
Clustering: The process of grouping similar data points together based on their features or characteristics, without prior knowledge of the categories.
Classification: The process of assigning data points to predefined categories or classes based on their features or characteristics.
Label: A tag or category assigned to a data point, typically used in supervised learning to train a model to recognize patterns and make predictions.
Two example titles of AI applications:
Sentiment analysis of customer reviews
Autonomous vehicle navigation and control
The difference between memory and intelligence:
Memory refers to the ability to store and retrieve information, while intelligence is the ability to process, analyze, and understand that information to solve problems or make decisions. Memory is a component of intelligence, but intelligence goes beyond just remembering facts; it involves reasoning, learning, and adapting to new situations.
We need AI because it can:
Automate repetitive tasks, increasing efficiency and productivity.
Analyze large amounts of data quickly and accurately, leading to better decision-making.
Enhance human capabilities by providing insights and recommendations based on data analysis.
Improve the quality of life by enabling new technologies and applications, such as personalized medicine, smart cities, and autonomous vehicles.
Solve complex problems that are difficult or impossible for humans to tackle alone.