Discussion Thread: Philosophical Assumptions and Interpretive Frameworks
This is a graded discussion: 50 points possible
due Jan 19
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Discuss, in-depth, the process of research compiled by Denzin &
Lincoln (2011) located in the Read: Creswell & Poth: Chapter 2. Be
sure to include the questions researchers should ask themselves to
determine the philosophical assumptions they bring to the research.
What four (4) philosophical assumptions exist when choosing to conduct
qualitative research. Describe each.
Provide a brief description of the types of interpretive frameworks
used in qualitative research.
Explain how Christian beliefs might influence the philosophical
assumptions brought to the research. Utilize at least one Bible verse
to support your discussion.
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answers you can use
if you will write google search bar –
Philosophical Assumptions and Interpretive framework-
you can see the link
coursawe book
Creswell, J., & Poth, C. (2018). Qualitative inquiry & research
design: Choosing among five approaches, 4th. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
ISBN: 9781506330204

The process of research compiled by Denzin & Lincoln (2011) located in the Read: Creswell & Poth: Chapter 2 can be summarized as follows:

Clarify the research problem. What is the research question or problem that you are trying to answer?
Review the literature. What has been written about the research problem that you are interested in?
Develop a research design. How will you collect and analyze your data?
Collect data. Gather the information that you need to answer your research question.
Analyze data. Organize and interpret the information that you have collected.
Write the research report. Communicate the findings of your research to others.
In addition to these steps, researchers should also consider their philosophical assumptions. These are the beliefs that the researcher holds about the nature of reality, knowledge, and values. Different philosophical assumptions can lead to different research questions, designs, and methods.

There are four main philosophical assumptions that are relevant to qualitative research:

Ontology is the study of the nature of reality. Qualitative researchers typically believe that reality is multiple and socially constructed. This means that there is no single, objective reality, but rather that reality is created by the interactions of people and their social context.
Epistemology is the study of the nature of knowledge. Qualitative researchers typically believe that knowledge is subjective and contextual. This means that knowledge is created by individuals and groups, and that it is influenced by their experiences and perspectives.
Axiology is the study of values. Qualitative researchers typically believe that values are important in research. They believe that researchers should be aware of their own values and how they might influence their research. They also believe that researchers should be respectful of the values of the people they are studying.
Methodology is the study of the methods used to collect and analyze data. Qualitative researchers typically use a variety of methods, including interviews, focus groups, and observation. They also use a variety of data analysis techniques, such as thematic analysis and content analysis.
The type of interpretive framework that a qualitative researcher chooses will depend on their philosophical assumptions. Some common interpretive frameworks include:

Phenomenology is the study of the lived experiences of individuals. Phenomenologists believe that the best way to understand human experience is to listen to the stories of individuals.
Ethnography is the study of cultures. Ethnographers typically spend extended periods of time living with and observing the people they are studying.
Grounded theory is a method for developing theory from data. Grounded theorists typically collect data through interviews and observations, and then use the data to develop a theory that explains the phenomenon that they are studying.
Christian beliefs can influence the philosophical assumptions that a researcher brings to their work. For example, Christians might believe that reality is created by God, that knowledge comes from God, and that values are important in research. These beliefs might lead Christians to choose different research questions, designs, and methods than researchers who do not share their beliefs.

In addition to their philosophical assumptions, Christian researchers should also be aware of the potential for bias in their work. Bias can occur when a researcher’s personal beliefs or experiences influence their interpretation of the data. To avoid bias, Christian researchers should be transparent about their beliefs and should take steps to minimize the influence of their biases on their research.

One Bible verse that supports the importance of being aware of bias is Proverbs 12:15: “The way of a fool seems right to him, but a wise man listens to advice.” This verse teaches that we should be careful not to make decisions based on our own limited knowledge or understanding. Instead, we should listen to the advice of others, especially those who are more experienced or knowledgeable than we are.

By being aware of their philosophical assumptions and potential for bias, Christian researchers can produce research that is both accurate and credible.

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