Internet Governance Research
The global use of the internet has brought about concerns in its maintenance and governance. Various private and public sectors develop principles, rules, and decisions on the use of the internet. Internet use impacts the economy and social role of people across the globe (Kurbalija, 2016). Internet governance involves everyone using the internet, users are allowed to provide opinions and suggestions through a multi-stakeholder approach on the use of internet. The paper is a report on internet governance research.

The internet engineering task force (IETF) is among the internet governance bodies with the role of creating internet standards and protocols. The IETF governance body roles include explaining internet connection and traffic across all networks, developing the quality of the internet as well as monitor how people manage and design internet (Tantsura, and Filsfils, 2019). Additionally, the EITF majorly works on the internet architecture and implementation of new internet protocols and standards. The reason for selecting IEFT is because the body of governance have unique management. IEFT holds meetings three times yearly as well as the body allows for open participation in the development of standards and practices.
The primary function of IETF is to produce high-quality internet as well as technical documentation of standards and protocols to influence how people use and manage the web (Cath, and Floridi, 2017). The IETF creates various codes to assist in exposing online censorship, for instance, system 451. The IETF is primarily concerned with the general internet architecture as well as ensure the smooth running of the internet. The IETF, however, suggests standards for the internet engineering steering group. The IETF works through an open process, allow volunteering, running codes, technical competence, and ownership of protocol.
The IEFT development activities are critical to the management process where the body holds three meetings yearly, which is frequent enough for effective internet management. The organization allows mailing to volunteers as well as subscriptions and contributions of participants (Cath, and Floridi, 2017). The working group mailing is essential in providing a chance for ideas, proposing internet standards, address various internet problems as well as provide internet deliverables. Through IETF, people can use the internet in emailing people, sending messages. The development of 451 code has assisted many people by creating transparency about the availability of content. The activity helps internet users with an understanding of content limits.
The IETF internal governance consists of areas or units under the leadership of directors known as the area directors. Area directors are nominated by the IETF nominating committee and later appointed by the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) (Tantsura, and Filsfils, 2019). The working groups originate from the division of areas where each working group is led by a chair under the authority of the area director. The nominating committee of the IETF nominates a chair appointed by the IAB.
The IETF get funds from internal activities such as participants, or meeting attendant’s fees, subscriptions from volunteers, contributions from the internet society (ISOC) as well as secretariats. The internet engineering task force is an international community of networks consisting of researchers, internet operators, vendors, and designers. The IETF is based in Fremont USA. The internet engineering task force conducted the first meeting in 1986, which consisted of network administrators, vendors users as well as researchers.
The internet governance bodies act responsibly towards the development of internet protocols and standards in a meaningful manner. The collection consist of the internet engineering task force, which is unique in its development activities—the body coordinate through working groups organized by area led by an area director. Meetings are held three times yearly to discuss and create an open forum for volunteers and participants in the development of internet standards and protocols.

Cath, C., & Floridi, L. (2017). The design of the internet’s architecture by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and human rights. Science and Engineering Ethics, 23(2), 449-468.
Kurbalija, J. (2016). An introduction to internet governance. Diplo Foundation.
Tantsura, J., & Filsfils, C. (2019). Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) L. Ginsberg, Ed. Request for Comments: 8571 Cisco Systems, Inc. Category: Standards Track S. Previdi.

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