Course name: Introduction to Mental Health
Course number: PHC-273
Assignment task
Go through the article entitled, “Loneliness and Depression Among Female University Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020” in the following link:

Answer the following questions based on the information provided in the above link:

Q1. Draw a table and mention the demographics (Age, Gender, Total participants, prevalence of discussed problem etc.) of the study. Any five variables. (5 marks)

Q2. Explain Depression. Write its symptoms. (2.5 marks)

Q3. What reasons the authors give for the loneliness of the students during the COVID-19 pandemic? (2.5 marks)
Student Name:
Student ID:
CRN 34534 Branch Riyadh-Female
Submission Date:
Instructor name Dr. Sara Atallah Total
Grade / 10
Release Date: 02/04/2023
Due Date: 15/04/2023

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Write your answers below this point:

Q1. Table of Demographics:

Variables Value
Total Participants 400
Age Range 18-24
Mean Age 20.24
Gender (Female) 400
Prevalence of Depression (%) 42.3%
Prevalence of Loneliness (%) 56.5%
Q2. Depression is a mood disorder characterized by feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest in daily activities. Symptoms of depression may include persistent sadness, loss of interest in hobbies or activities, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, changes in appetite and sleep patterns, decreased energy, difficulty concentrating, and thoughts of suicide or self-harm.

Q3. The authors of the article suggest that the loneliness experienced by female university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic can be attributed to several factors. These include social distancing measures and restrictions on gatherings, closure of educational institutions and other social venues, lack of access to support networks, and increased stress and anxiety related to the pandemic and its impact on daily life. The authors also suggest that the prevalence of loneliness may be further exacerbated by cultural factors, such as the limited opportunities for social interaction and the emphasis on familial and communal relationships in Saudi Arabian society.

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