JJ is a 7-year-old male that has been dealing with asthma

• Review the Resources for this module and consider the legal and ethical implications of prescribing prescription drugs, disclosure, and nondisclosure.
• Review the scenario assigned by your Instructor for this Assignment.
• Search specific laws and standards for prescribing prescription drugs and for addressing medication errors for your state or region, and reflect on these as you review the scenario assigned by your Instructor.
• Consider the ethical and legal implications of the scenario for all stakeholders involved, such as the prescriber, pharmacist, patient, and patient’s family.
• Think about two strategies that you, as an advanced practice nurse, would use to guide your ethically and legally responsible decision-making in this scenario, including whether you would disclose any medication errors.
BY DAY 7 OF WEEK 1
Write a 2- to 3-page paper that addresses the following:
• Explain the ethical and legal implications of the scenario you selected on all stakeholders involved, such as the prescriber, pharmacist, patient, and patient’s family.
• Describe strategies to address disclosure and nondisclosure as identified in the scenario you selected. Be sure to reference laws specific to your state.
• Explain two strategies that you, as an advanced practice nurse, would use to guide your decision making in this scenario, including whether you would disclose your error. Be sure to justify your explanation.
• Explain the process of writing prescriptions, including strategies to minimize medication errors.

USE THE FOLLOWING SCENARIO FOR YOUR PAPER:
JJ is a 7-year-old male that has been dealing with asthma his entire life. Multiple treatments have been tried, which have helped symptoms, but nothing works completely. You are treating him and know of a study regarding a new asthma medication being developed. This new medication contains a bronchodilator/steroid/antihistamine as an inhalation. None of the drugs being studied have previously been approved for children under the age of 12. The study would last for 16 weeks.
What type of drug should you prescribed

Ethical and Legal Implications of Prescribing Medications to Children
The ethical and legal implications of prescribing medications to children are complex and vary depending on the specific circumstances. However, there are some general principles that apply in most cases.

First, it is important to always consider the best interests of the child when making prescribing decisions. This means weighing the potential benefits of a medication against the potential risks, and considering the child’s individual needs and preferences.

Second, it is important to obtain informed consent from the child’s parents or guardians before prescribing any medication. This means providing them with all the relevant information about the medication, including its potential benefits, risks, and side effects.

Third, it is important to document all prescribing decisions in the child’s medical record. This will help to ensure that there is a clear record of the reasons for the decision, and that any changes to the medication regimen are made in a timely and appropriate manner.

In the case of JJ, the ethical and legal implications of prescribing a new medication that has not yet been approved for children under the age of 12 are particularly complex. On the one hand, there is the potential benefit of providing JJ with a new medication that may help to improve his asthma symptoms. On the other hand, there is the risk of unknown side effects or adverse reactions.

Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to prescribe the new medication to JJ is a complex one that must be made on a case-by-case basis. However, it is important to carefully consider all the relevant factors, including the child’s individual needs and preferences, the potential benefits and risks of the medication, and the laws and regulations governing the prescribing of medications to children.

Strategies for Addressing Disclosure and Nondisclosure
In the event of a medication error, it is important to take steps to address the situation in a way that is both ethical and legal. This may involve disclosing the error to the patient, their family, and other healthcare professionals.

There are a number of factors to consider when deciding whether or not to disclose a medication error. These factors include the severity of the error, the potential consequences of the error, and the laws and regulations governing disclosure in the specific jurisdiction.

In some cases, it may be necessary to disclose a medication error even if it is not clear that the error caused any harm to the patient. This is because disclosure can help to prevent future errors and improve patient safety.

When disclosing a medication error, it is important to be honest and transparent. The healthcare professional should explain what happened, why it happened, and what steps are being taken to prevent similar errors from happening in the future.

Strategies for Minimizing Medication Errors
There are a number of strategies that can be used to minimize medication errors. These strategies include:

Ensuring that all healthcare professionals are properly trained in medication safety.
Developing and implementing clear and concise medication orders.
Using double-checks and other verification procedures.
Providing regular feedback to healthcare professionals on their medication safety performance.
By taking these steps, healthcare professionals can help to create a culture of safety and reduce the risk of medication errors.

Conclusion
The ethical and legal implications of prescribing medications to children are complex and vary depending on the specific circumstances. However, there are some general principles that apply in most cases. It is important to always consider the best interests of the child when making prescribing decisions, obtain informed consent from the child’s parents or guardians, and document all prescribing decisions in the child’s medical record. In the event of a medication error, it is important to take steps to address the situation in a way that is both ethical and legal. This may involve disclosing the error to the patient, their family, and other healthcare professionals. There are a number of strategies that can be used to minimize medication errors, including ensuring that all healthcare professionals are properly trained in medication safety, developing and implementing clear and concise medication orders, using double-checks and other verification procedures, and providing regular feedback to healthcare professionals on their medication safety performance. By taking these steps, healthcare professionals can help to create a culture of safety and reduce the risk of medication errors.

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