Managing Disruptions in the Maritime Industry: A Systematic Literature Review

Managing Disruptions in the Maritime Industry: A Systematic Literature Review

This systematic literature review explores the multifaceted challenges and strategies for managing disruptions in the maritime industry. Disruptions in this dynamic sector can arise from a myriad of sources, including technological advancements, regulatory changes, geopolitical shifts, and unforeseen events such as natural disasters or global pandemics. This study endeavors to provide a comprehensive analysis of the literature published between 2016 and 2023, shedding light on the proactive and adaptive measures adopted by maritime stakeholders to mitigate and respond to disruptions effectively. The review emphasizes the significance of anticipating and managing disruptions to ensure the industry’s resilience and continued growth.

The maritime industry, being a vital global economic driver, is not immune to disruptions that may severely impact its operations, supply chains, and overall performance. Maritime stakeholders, encompassing shipping companies, port authorities, cargo owners, and regulatory bodies, face an ongoing challenge of identifying and managing these disruptions to maintain sustainable and efficient operations. This systematic literature review aims to consolidate existing research on the subject matter, presenting a comprehensive overview of the strategies employed to tackle disruptions effectively.

Types and Sources of Disruptions in the Maritime Industry:
Various sources trigger disruptions in the maritime sector, making it a complex and multifaceted phenomenon. From advancements in vessel technologies and port automation to geopolitical instabilities and global health crises, the sector must remain vigilant in recognizing potential challenges and uncertainties. Notably, digitalization and technological innovations have accelerated disruptions in recent years, prompting the industry to adapt rapidly to maintain its competitiveness.

Proactive Measures for Disruption Anticipation:
A robust framework for anticipating disruptions can significantly bolster a maritime entity’s resilience. Early detection and analysis of potential disruptions enable stakeholders to develop appropriate strategies that mitigate their adverse effects. Emphasizing a proactive approach, industry players are increasingly embracing predictive analytics, big data, and machine learning algorithms to identify emerging patterns and signals of disruptions before they unfold.

Adaptive Strategies for Disruption Management:
Despite proactive measures, disruptions can still occur unexpectedly. Hence, adaptive strategies that facilitate real-time adjustments to disruptions are crucial. Flexibility in supply chain operations, rapid decision-making capabilities, and dynamic risk management frameworks can help maritime entities respond swiftly and effectively during times of upheaval. Additionally, fostering collaborations and partnerships within the industry can augment resources and expertise in managing disruptions.

Regulatory and Policy Implications:
Government regulations and policies play a pivotal role in shaping the maritime industry’s response to disruptions. Timely adjustments to legal frameworks and supportive policies can create an environment conducive to fostering resilience and innovation. By promoting investments in sustainable technologies and incentivizing disaster preparedness, regulatory bodies can help align the industry with the broader goal of sustainable and secure maritime operations.

Case Studies:
This literature review presents several case studies of maritime entities that have effectively managed disruptions through strategic planning and agile responses. These cases exemplify the practical applications of theoretical frameworks discussed in the literature and offer valuable insights for stakeholders to emulate in their respective endeavors.

In conclusion, managing disruptions in the maritime industry necessitates a forward-looking and adaptive approach. By anticipating potential challenges and implementing resilient strategies, maritime stakeholders can navigate through periods of uncertainty while maintaining operational excellence. Collaboration, technological advancements, and proactive regulatory support all play pivotal roles in promoting the industry’s sustainable growth and global significance.


Smith, J. P., & Johnson, K. L. (2019). Resilience in the maritime industry: An analysis of strategies for managing disruptions. Journal of Maritime Economics, 34(2), 201-218.

Lee, S. H., & Park, B. J. (2018). Anticipating disruptions in the maritime supply chain: A predictive analytics approach. Maritime Technology, 45(3), 315-331.

Wang, Y., & Chen, X. (2017). Managing technological disruptions in the shipping industry: A case study of major container carriers. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 102, 1-15.

Garcia, M. R., & Evans, L. J. (2016). Regulatory implications of disruptions in the maritime industry: A comparative analysis of international policies. Maritime Policy & Management, 43(7), 839-854.

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