NUR3643 Research and Theory
Theories Guiding Nursing Practice.
A nursing theory provides a framework for evidence based nursing practice and the pursuit of new knowledge.
Identify the major concepts of selected nursing theories
Scenario:You are working as a Registered Nurse at a local hospital that has recently changed ownership. The new owners of the hospital are committed to a culture that embraces evidence-based practice (EBP) and utilizes EBP as a guide for their policies and procedures. The focus on evidence-based practice can be seen as part of the hospital’s mission statement and local advertising campaign which states, “Evidence-based practice: The key to advancing quality and safety in healthcare.” While the hospital mission includes the statement: “…to be the healthcare center of choice, through superior clinical outcomes, evidence-based practice-driven protocols, and the advancement of practice utilizing formal and continuing education.”The hospital leadership team has shared that they are beginning the process of applying for Magnet status as a healthcare facility. They have asked for volunteers to serve on a sub-committee to select a nursing theorist as a framework that will be used to guide nursing practice. You have been asked to research the various nursing theorists, and select two to present to the leadership team.
From the list provided, select two nursing theorists. Prepare a written proposal that compares and contrasts the two theories and makes a recommendation for which theory would be a better fit for the facility. Please include the following in your proposal:Identify the two selected theorists and briefly summarize each theory. Compare and contrast the two selected theories.Formulate a recommendation for the theorist that best aligns to the facility.
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NUR3643 Research and Theory
Competency: Identify the major concepts of selected nursing theories.
Select two nursing theorists from the following list to compare and contrast:
• Jean Watson
• Patricia Benner
• Myra Estrin Levine
• Martha Rogers
• Dorothy Johnson
• Betty Neuman
• Imogene King
• Hildegard Peplau
• Margret Newman
• Nola Pender
• Rosemary Rizzo Parse
Proposal for Nursing Theory Selection
The new owners of the local hospital are committed to a culture that embraces evidence-based practice (EBP) and utilizes EBP as a guide for their policies and procedures. The hospital leadership team has asked for volunteers to serve on a sub-committee to select a nursing theorist as a framework that will be used to guide nursing practice. This proposal compares and contrasts two selected nursing theorists and makes a recommendation for the theorist that best aligns with the facility’s mission and values.
The two selected nursing theorists are Jean Watson and Patricia Benner.
Jean Watson Theory:
Jean Watson’s theory of human caring is based on the idea that nursing is a humanistic and caring discipline that is centered on the patient. Watson’s theory focuses on the concept of transpersonal caring and the role of the nurse as a care-giver. This theory emphasizes the importance of the nurse-patient relationship and the nurse’s ability to connect with the patient on a personal level. Watson’s theory is founded on ten carative factors that guide nursing practice and promote the healing process.
Patricia Benner Theory:
Patricia Benner’s theory of novice to expert is based on the idea that nursing knowledge and skills develop through experience and ongoing education. Benner’s theory is centered on the idea that nurses move from a novice stage to an expert stage through a process of gradual development. The five stages of this development include novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert. This theory emphasizes the importance of ongoing education and the development of expertise in nursing practice.
Comparison and Contrast:
The two selected theories share some similarities in their focus on the nurse-patient relationship and the importance of ongoing education. However, there are also some important differences between the two theories. Watson’s theory emphasizes the importance of transpersonal caring and the nurse’s role as a care-giver, while Benner’s theory focuses on the development of expertise through experience and education.
Based on the mission and values of the local hospital, as well as its focus on evidence-based practice, it is recommended that the hospital adopt Jean Watson’s theory of human caring as the framework for guiding nursing practice. Watson’s theory aligns well with the hospital’s focus on patient-centered care and its commitment to a humanistic approach to nursing. Additionally, the ten carative factors provide a clear guide for nursing practice that can be used to promote the healing process and improve patient outcomes.
The selection of a nursing theory is an important decision that will have a significant impact on the quality of care provided by the local hospital. This proposal compared and contrasted two selected nursing theorists and recommended Jean Watson’s theory of human caring as the best fit for the facility. This recommendation is based on the alignment of Watson’s theory with the hospital’s mission and values, as well as its focus on evidence-based practice and patient-centered care.