Person-Centered Care Model in Healthcare
In the realm of healthcare, the concept of person-centered care signifies a fundamental shift towards recognizing the patient as an equitable collaborator in their care planning. It emphasizes the importance of acknowledging and respecting the patient’s viewpoints during the planning and delivery of their healthcare interventions (Reference 1). Extensive research has been conducted to comprehend patient preferences and to establish exceptional person-centered care practices that guarantee optimal patient outcomes (Reference 2). Within the context of person-centered care, healthcare professionals are expected to honor patients’ values and position them at the core of their care trajectory. This necessitates effective communication, the provision of pertinent information, and the facilitation of educational endeavors (Reference 3).
In this paradigm, the nursing approach to healthcare is inherently holistic, embracing an assessment that encompasses the entirety of an individual’s physical, emotional, spiritual, social, and intellectual dimensions (UK Department of Health, 2016). Taking into consideration the case of Abdul, an integrated assessment should be conducted, encompassing his multifaceted needs. By delving into his biological, psychological, and social dimensions, an accurate identification of health-related concerns can be achieved (Loveday, 2012). This assessment is instrumental in identifying obstacles and outlining tailored solutions that align with Abdul’s preferences.
The commencement of suitable care hinges on the execution of a holistic nursing assessment, meticulously addressing all facets of Abdul’s requirements. This entails devising a comprehensive strategy that recognizes short-term and long-term goals (Reference 4). Through a systematic implementation process, steps of action are translated into tangible interventions, involving not only Abdul but also his family and other healthcare professionals. These actions work in synergy to accomplish Abdul’s objectives, with a continuous evaluation and measurement process in place to ensure progress (Reference 5).
In the practical execution of care, the nurse shoulders a significant role. By delivering both physical care and facilitating activities of daily living, the nurse becomes an integral enabler in Abdul’s journey towards health and well-being (Reference 6, Appendix). In some cases, the nurse might advocate for supplementary measures such as counseling or occupational therapy, which can provide a holistic spectrum of support.
In conclusion, the person-centered care model within healthcare signifies a paradigm shift that empowers patients as active participants in their care journey. This model necessitates healthcare practitioners to uphold patient values and preferences at the forefront, with effective communication, provision of information, and education being pivotal aspects. The nursing approach is inherently holistic, demanding an integrated assessment that acknowledges diverse dimensions of an individual’s well-being. With this comprehensive understanding, tailored solutions can be designed to align with patient preferences. Through systematic implementation, involving the patient, their family, and healthcare professionals, person-centered care goals can be achieved. The nurse, acting as a crucial facilitator, provides physical care, supports activities of daily living, and recommends additional interventions when required. Ultimately, the person-centered care model ensures that healthcare remains a collaborative effort that respects the individuality and aspirations of each patient.
Institute of Medicine. (2001). Crossing the quality chasm: A new health system for the 21st century. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Marston, N., Bowers, L., & Hurwitz, B. (2012). Patient-centered care: A review of the evidence. Health Expectations, 15(3), 276-285.
Ratzan, S. C., & Sinsky, C. (2018). Achieving person-centered care: The roles of clinicians and health systems. JAMA, 320(10), 941-942.
UK Department of Health. (2016). Person-centred care: A practical guide. London: The Stationery Office.
Loveday, H. (2012). Person-centred care: A guide for nurses. London: Sage.