Post Modern Therapies
Post Modern Therapies. a Discuss solution-focused brief therapy. Describe key concepts and specific
interventions including the use of the miracle question.
b. Discuss narrative therapy. Describe key concepts and specific interventions.
c. Discuss strengths and limitations of SFBT and Narrative therapy.
a. Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) is a post-modern therapeutic approach that focuses on solutions rather than problems. It aims to help clients identify their strengths, resources, and capabilities to achieve their goals. Key concepts of SFBT include the following:
Solution-focused: SFBT is a brief therapy that focuses on the solution to the problem, rather than the problem itself. The therapist works with the client to identify their goals and find solutions to achieve them.
Strengths-based: SFBT focuses on the client’s strengths and resources rather than their weaknesses and limitations. The therapist helps the client to identify their strengths and use them to achieve their goals.
Collaborative: SFBT is a collaborative approach that involves the therapist and client working together to identify and achieve the client’s goals.
Brief: SFBT is a brief therapy that typically involves 5-10 sessions.
Specific interventions used in SFBT include scaling questions, exception questions, and the miracle question. The miracle question is a technique used to help clients imagine a future where their problems have been solved. The therapist asks the client to imagine waking up one day and their problems have disappeared. The client is then asked to describe what their life would be like in this new reality. This helps the client to identify their goals and the steps needed to achieve them.
b. Narrative therapy is another post-modern therapeutic approach that focuses on the stories we tell ourselves about our lives. Key concepts of narrative therapy include the following:
Narrative: Narrative therapy focuses on the stories we tell ourselves about our lives. These stories can influence our beliefs and behaviors. The therapist works with the client to identify these stories and help them to create new narratives that are more empowering.
Externalization: Narrative therapy externalizes the problem, meaning it separates the problem from the person. The therapist helps the client to view the problem as something outside of themselves, which can help to reduce feelings of shame and self-blame.
Deconstruction: Narrative therapy deconstructs the dominant narrative, meaning it challenges the societal and cultural stories that influence our beliefs and behaviors. The therapist helps the client to identify these dominant narratives and create new narratives that are more aligned with their values and goals.
Specific interventions used in narrative therapy include the use of externalizing language, exploring alternative stories, and re-authoring. Re-authoring involves helping the client to create a new narrative that is more aligned with their values and goals.
c. Strengths of SFBT include its brief and solution-focused approach, which can lead to faster results and increased client satisfaction. It also focuses on the client’s strengths and resources, which can increase feelings of empowerment and self-efficacy.
Limitations of SFBT include its focus on the present and future, which can neglect past experiences and trauma that may be impacting the client’s current functioning. It also relies heavily on the client’s ability to identify their goals and resources, which may be challenging for some clients.
Strengths of narrative therapy include its focus on the client’s stories and the externalization of the problem, which can reduce feelings of shame and self-blame. It also encourages clients to challenge dominant narratives that may be impacting their beliefs and behaviors.
Limitations of narrative therapy include its potential to overlook the impact of systemic issues on the client’s experiences and the potential for the therapist to impose their own values and beliefs on the client’s narrative. It also requires a significant amount of time and effort to create new narratives, which may not be feasible for all clients.
Berg, I. K., & De Jong, P. (2002). Solution-focused brief therapy: A practical guide to effective change. Norton & Company.
White, M. (2007). Maps of narrative practice.