PSYC5122/w: Introduction To Psychology – Essay Writing
2–3 minutes
Assignment Task

Question 1

A healthy lifestyle is a way of living that will make sure you are on the right track to having a healthy mind and a healthy soul.

Conduct necessary research and explain in your own words, the meaning of a healthy lifestyle and explain how you maintain a healthy lifestyle daily. Reflect under the headings of “decision making”, “character building”, “emotional development”, “physical development”, and “cognitive development”.

Question 2

In essay structure, explain the biological and psychological aetiology of anxiety disorders.

Study the table below and use it to guide your essay presentation. You are required to use two journal articles to support your essay write-up.

Question 3

Discuss “insight therapies” and “behaviour therapies” as two different and major treatments for abnormal behaviour.

Reference at least one journal article for each major treatment.

This PSYC5122-Arts and Humanities Assignment
Question 3

Discuss “insight therapies” and “behaviour therapies” as two different and major treatments for abnormal behaviour.
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Insight therapies and behavior therapies are two major treatments for abnormal behavior that are commonly used in clinical psychology. These two types of therapies have distinct differences in their approach and methodology.

Insight therapies are a form of psychotherapy that focuses on increasing self-awareness and understanding of the underlying psychological factors that contribute to abnormal behavior. The therapist and patient work together to explore the patient’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors to gain insight into their past experiences and how they affect their present behavior. This form of therapy is often used to treat conditions such as depression, anxiety, and personality disorders.

Behavior therapies, on the other hand, focus on modifying the patient’s behavior through a series of learning principles. This form of therapy is based on the principles of classical and operant conditioning, where the therapist helps the patient develop new patterns of behavior and eliminate maladaptive behaviors. This type of therapy is often used to treat conditions such as phobias, addictions, and obsessive-compulsive disorders.

One example of an insight therapy is psychodynamic therapy. This type of therapy focuses on understanding the unconscious mind and how it influences behavior. Through techniques such as free association, dream analysis, and transference, the therapist and patient work together to uncover unconscious conflicts and repressed emotions.

An example of a behavior therapy is exposure therapy. This type of therapy is used to treat phobias and involves gradually exposing the patient to the feared object or situation in a controlled environment. Through repeated exposure, the patient learns to overcome their fear and anxiety response.

Research has shown that both insight therapies and behavior therapies can be effective treatments for abnormal behavior. A study by Castonguay et al. (2010) found that both psychodynamic therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy were effective treatments for depression, with no significant differences in outcome between the two approaches.

In conclusion, insight therapies and behavior therapies are two major treatments for abnormal behavior that have distinct differences in their approach and methodology. While insight therapies focus on increasing self-awareness and understanding of the underlying psychological factors that contribute to abnormal behavior, behavior therapies focus on modifying the patient’s behavior through a series of learning principles. Both types of therapy can be effective treatments for abnormal behavior, and the choice of therapy will depend on the specific needs and goals of the patient.

Reference: Castonguay, L. G., Boswell, J. F., Maramba, G. G., Bride, D. L., & Constantino, M. J. (2010). Evidence-based psychodynamic therapies for depression. Psychodynamic psychiatry, 38(2), 191-248.

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