Read: Carrie Chapman Catt, Address to Congress on Women’s Suffrage (1917)

Paragraph 1: Why does Catt claim that denying women the right to vote violates the principle of democracy? Can this relate to any other groups besides women?

Read: Rubie Bond, The Great Migration (1917)

Paragraph 2: What are the most important reasons for the family’s decisions to move to Beloit?

Paragraph 3: What do these recollections tell us about limitations on the freedom Blacks enjoyed in the early-twentieth-century South?

Read: Marcus Garvey on Africa for the Africans (1921)

Paragraph 4: How does Garvey define Black freedom? How do you think Garvey felt that African independence would benefit Black Americans?

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Carrie Chapman Catt, Address to Congress on Women’s Suffrage (1917)

Paragraph 1: Carrie Chapman Catt claims that denying women the right to vote violates the principle of democracy because democracy is based on the idea that all people have the right to participate in government. When women are denied the right to vote, they are being denied their basic democratic rights. This can also relate to other groups besides women, such as people of color, people with disabilities, and immigrants. When any group of people is denied the right to vote, it is a violation of democracy.

Rubie Bond, The Great Migration (1917)

Paragraph 2: The most important reasons for the family’s decision to move to Beloit were economic opportunity and the hope of finding a better life. The family was struggling to make ends meet in the South, and they believed that they would have a better chance of finding a good job and a better home in the North.

Paragraph 3: These recollections tell us about the limitations on the freedom Blacks enjoyed in the early-twentieth-century South. Blacks were often denied the right to vote, they were subjected to racial discrimination, and they were often the targets of violence. The family’s decision to move to the North was a way of escaping these limitations and seeking a better life.

Marcus Garvey on Africa for the Africans (1921)

Paragraph 4: Marcus Garvey defines Black freedom as the right of Blacks to govern themselves in their own homeland. He believed that African independence would benefit Black Americans by giving them a sense of pride and a sense of belonging. He also believed that African independence would help to improve the lives of Blacks all over the world.

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