Abnormal Behavior Week 4 Discussion To prepare:
Review the neurodevelopmental disorders in the DSM-5.
Review the interactive media program “Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Case Study” found in this week’s Learning Resources.
Review the interactive media program “Intellectual and Developmental Disability (IDD): A Case Study” found in this week’s Learning Resources.
Select one of these two neurodevelopmental disorders on which to focus for this Discussion.
Post the following:
Based on the DSM-5 and the scholarly articles found in this week’s Learning Resources, define and explain the neurodevelopmental disorder exemplified in the case study that you selected.
Explain how and why some of the symptoms associated with neurodevelopmental disorders contribute to criminal behavior.
Explain the forensic psychological implications of this neurodevelopmental disorder.
Note: Your posts should be substantial (300–500 words), supported with scholarly evidence from your research and/or the Learning Resources, and properly cited using APA style. Personal anecdotes are acceptable within meaningful responses but cannot stand alone as a response.
Neurodevelopmental disorders are a group of conditions characterized by impairments in brain development and functioning that affect various aspects of an individual’s daily life. One example of a neurodevelopmental disorder is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), which is often diagnosed in early childhood and affects social interaction, communication skills, and behavior. It is important to note that ASD is a spectrum disorder, meaning that individuals can have a wide range of symptoms and varying levels of severity.
The symptoms of ASD can contribute to criminal behavior in several ways. Firstly, difficulties in social interaction and communication can hinder an individual’s ability to understand and conform to societal norms and expectations. They may struggle with understanding nonverbal cues, maintaining eye contact, or interpreting social situations accurately. This can lead to misunderstandings, miscommunications, and a lack of awareness of appropriate behavior, potentially resulting in behaviors that are perceived as deviant or even criminal.
Secondly, individuals with ASD may have restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. These repetitive behaviors, such as rocking, hand flapping, or lining up objects, can draw attention or be misinterpreted in certain contexts. In some cases, these behaviors may result in altercations or conflicts with others, which can escalate into criminal incidents.
Thirdly, individuals with ASD often have difficulties with impulse control and emotional regulation. This can lead to impulsive behaviors, outbursts of anger, or difficulties managing frustration, which can increase the risk of engaging in aggressive or criminal acts. These individuals may also have difficulties understanding the consequences of their actions or assessing the potential risks associated with certain behaviors.