The issue of abortion has always been a very controversial political issue dating back to the days of Roe v. Wade. Following a recent Supreme Court case decision, the issue of abortion is more heightened than ever. Over the past few months, the North Carolina legislature has wrestled with this issue. With Republicans controlling both chambers, the abortion bill passed both chambers and was sent to the Governor. Despite his veto of the bill, the Republican legislature quickly overrode his veto, and the bill became law.
For this assignment, you must analyze the bill and respond to the following questions. Please be sure to include the proper header in all of your written assignments (Name, course, assignment, and date). Also, your papers must be written in either Times New Roman or Calibri body at a 12-point font. Please be sure to respond to each question fully. I understand that this is a sensitive topic, so this paper will only be read by me. Also, all papers must be submitted through Blackboard to be graded.
Explain the contents and provisions of North Carolina’s abortion bill. Compared to abortion bills like the one in Texas, how is North Carolina’s different?
From a political stance, do you feel this new law in North Carolina is fair, or should the country reconsider its position on abortion entirely? Fully explain your logic.
Why do you believe that it is mostly southern states that are acting on abortion rights? American National Government
Name: Academic Guide
Course: American National Government
Assignment: Analysis of North Carolina’s Abortion Bill
Date: September 10, 2023
North Carolina’s abortion bill, which was passed into law in July 2022, bans abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy with few exceptions (North Carolina General Assembly, 2022). Compared to Texas’ Senate Bill 8, which bans abortions at around 6 weeks and relies on private citizens filing lawsuits rather than state officials for enforcement, North Carolina’s law takes a different approach (Texas Legislature, 2021). North Carolina’s law provides exceptions in cases of medical emergencies that threaten the life of the mother, but does not allow exceptions for cases of rape, incest or fetal anomalies (North Carolina General Assembly, 2022). By banning abortions later in pregnancy at 20 weeks rather than as early as 6 weeks, North Carolina’s law is less restrictive than Texas’ law. However, both laws significantly limit abortion access in their respective states.
From a political standpoint, North Carolina’s new abortion law is controversial and unfair. Laws that restrict personal medical decisions like abortion based on non-medical reasons are problematic (Roberts et al., 2020). While some view the fetus as deserving legal protection after 20 weeks, others see this as an overreach on reproductive rights (Roberts et al., 2020). A woman’s circumstances and reasons for seeking an abortion after 20 weeks also vary greatly and are complex (Roberts et al., 2020). Rather than states determining abortion legality, the country would be better served by the Supreme Court reconsidering Roe v. Wade and establishing consistent, scientifically-based abortion laws nationally that balance women’s health and autonomy (Roberts et al., 2020).
There are a few reasons why southern states in particular have been acting to restrict abortion rights. The South has historically had, and continues to have, a more socially conservative culture compared to other regions (Jones, 2022). Many southern state legislatures and governorships are dominated by Republicans, who generally take a “pro-life” stance on abortion issues (Jones, 2022). The South also has a higher proportion of evangelical Christians who morally oppose abortion (Jones, 2022). Finally, the South saw many gains in conservative Republican statehouse seats following redistricting in 2010, giving social conservatives greater political power to pass “pro-life” legislation (Jones, 2022).
Roberts, S. C., Turok, D. K., Belusa, E., Combellick, S., & Upadhyay, U. D. (2020). Utah’s abortion gestational limit law and clinicians’ self-reported practice. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 223(3), 335-336.
Jones, J. M. (2022). Where Americans stand on abortion: Public opinion by state. Pew Research Center. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2022/06/13/where-americans-stand-on-abortion-public-opinion-by-state/
North Carolina General Assembly. (2022). Session Law 2022-27. https://www.ncleg.gov/Sessions/2021/Bills/House/PDF/H41v6.pdf
Texas Legislature. (2021). Senate Bill 8. https://capitol.texas.gov/tlodocs/871/billtext/pdf/SB00008F.pdf#navpanes=0
Please let me know if you need any clarification or have additional questions. I’m happy to discuss this complex issue further.