Instruction

Part I: Essay
Write an essay on the first 10 Constitutional Amendments. Your essay must include the following for each amendment:
• Explain each individual amendment and the liberties they grant.
• The year it was ratified and reasons why.
Conclude your essay with your opinion on which of the 10 amendments you feel is most important and give your reasons why you think so.
Part II: States of the USA
Start a document and save it as “American History 1-1 Map”.
A number from 1-50 is assigned to each of the US States in the map below. List each number in your document and identify:
1. State name
2. State capital
3. Current Governor
4. Current Senator(s)
5. Political affiliations
Part I: Essay on the First 10 Constitutional Amendments

The first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution, commonly known as the Bill of Rights, were added to protect the individual liberties of citizens and limit the powers of the federal government. These amendments have had a significant impact on American society and continue to shape our nation today.

The First Amendment grants citizens freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition. This amendment was ratified in 1791 and was written to prevent the government from interfering with citizens’ ability to freely practice their religion and express their opinions without fear of retaliation.

The Second Amendment grants citizens the right to keep and bear arms. This amendment was ratified in 1791 and was written to protect the individual’s right to self-defense and to ensure that citizens were able to protect their homes and families.

The Third Amendment prohibits the government from forcing citizens to quarter, or house, soldiers in their homes without their consent. This amendment was ratified in 1791 and was written to protect citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures by the military.

The Fourth Amendment grants citizens the right to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures by the government. This amendment was ratified in 1791 and was written to protect citizens from unwarranted government intrusion into their private lives.

The Fifth Amendment guarantees citizens the right to due process of law, protection against self-incrimination, and protection against double jeopardy. This amendment was ratified in 1791 and was written to protect citizens from the abuse of power by the government and to ensure that citizens receive a fair trial.

The Sixth Amendment grants citizens the right to a speedy and public trial, an impartial jury, the right to be informed of the charges against them, the right to confront witnesses, and the right to have legal counsel. This amendment was ratified in 1791 and was written to protect citizens from being wrongly convicted and to ensure that citizens receive a fair trial.

The Seventh Amendment guarantees citizens the right to a trial by jury in civil cases. This amendment was ratified in 1791 and was written to ensure that citizens have the right to have their disputes resolved by a impartial jury.

The Eighth Amendment prohibits the government from imposing excessive bail, fines, or punishments. This amendment was ratified in 1791 and was written to protect citizens from excessive punishment and to ensure that punishment fits the crime.

The Ninth Amendment states that the enumeration of certain rights in the Constitution shall not be construed to deny or disparage other rights retained by the people. This amendment was ratified in 1791 and was written to protect citizens’ rights that were not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution.

The Tenth Amendment states that powers not delegated to the federal government by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states or to the people. This amendment was ratified in 1791 and was written to ensure that the federal government does not overstep its bounds and to protect the rights of states and individuals.

In my opinion, the most important amendment is the Fourth Amendment, which grants citizens the right to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures by the government. This amendment protects our privacy and ensures that we are not subject to unwarranted government intrusion into our private lives.

Part II: States of the USA

Alabama – Montgomery – Kay Ivey (Republican) – Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville (Republicans) – Republican

Alaska – Juneau – Mike Dunleavy (Republican) – Lisa Murkowski and Dan Sullivan (Republicans) – Republican

Arizona – Phoenix – Doug Ducey (Republican) – Mark Kelly and Kyrsten Sinema ( Democrats) – Democratic

Arkansas – Little Rock – Asa Hutchinson (Republican) – John Boozman and Tom Cotton (Republicans) – Republican

California – Sacramento – Gavin Newsom (Democrat) – Dianne Feinstein and Alex Padilla (Democrats) – Democratic

Colorado – Denver – Jared Polis (Democrat) – Michael Bennet and John Hickenlooper (Democrats) – Democratic

Connecticut – Hartford – Ned Lamont (Democrat) – Richard Blumenthal and Chris Murphy (Democrats) – Democratic

Delaware – Dover – John Carney (Democrat) – Tom Carper and Chris Coons (Democrats) – Democratic

Florida – Tallahassee – Ron DeSantis (Republican) – Marco Rubio and Rick Scott (Republicans) – Republican

Georgia – Atlanta – Brian Kemp (Republican) – Raphael Warnock and Jon Ossoff (Democrats) – Democratic

Hawaii – Honolulu – David Ige (Democrat) – Brian Schatz and Mazie Hirono (Democrats) – Democratic

Idaho – Boise – Brad Little (Republican) – Mike Crapo and Jim Risch (Republicans) – Republican

Illinois – Springfield – J.B. Pritzker (Democrat) – Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth (Democrats) – Democratic

Indiana – Indianapolis – Eric Holcomb (Republican) – Todd Young and Mike Braun (Republicans) – Republican

Iowa – Des Moines – Kim Reynolds (Republican) – Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst (Republicans) – Republican

Kansas – Topeka – Laura Kelly (Democrat) – Jerry Moran and Roger Marshall (Republicans) – Republican

Kentucky – Frankfort – Andy Beshear (Democrat) – Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul (Republicans) – Republican

Louisiana – Baton Rouge – John Bel Edwards (Democrat) – Bill Cassidy and John Kennedy (Republicans) – Republican

Maine – Augusta – Janet Mills (Democrat) – Susan Collins and Angus King (Independent) – Independent/Democratic

Maryland – Annapolis – Larry Hogan (Republican) – Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen (Democrats) – Democratic

Massachusetts – Boston – Charlie Baker (Republican) – Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey (Democrats) – Democratic

Michigan – Lansing – Gretchen Whitmer (Democrat) – Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters (Democrats) – Democratic

Minnesota – Saint Paul – Tim Walz (Democrat) – Amy Klobuchar and Tina Smith (Democrats) – Democratic

Mississippi – Jackson – Tate Reeves (Republican) – Cindy Hyde-Smith and Roger Wicker (Republicans) – Republican

Missouri – Jefferson City – Mike Parson (Republican) – Roy Blunt and Josh Hawley (Republicans) – Republican

Montana – Helena – Greg Gianforte (Republican) – Jon Tester and Steve Daines (Democrats) – Democratic

Nebraska – Lincoln – Pete Ricketts (Republican) – Deb Fischer and Ben Sasse (Republicans) – Republican

Nevada – Carson City – Steve Sisolak (Democrat) – Catherine Cortez Masto and Jacky Rosen (Democrats) – Democratic

New Hampshire – Concord – Chris Sununu (Republican) – Maggie Hassan and Jeanne Shaheen (Democrats) – Democratic

New Jersey – Trenton – Phil Murphy (Democrat) – Bob Menendez and Cory Booker (Democrats) – Democratic

New Mexico – Santa Fe –

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